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-Ax 3tx<1cx"Plxo. tw ^^JJ^txrur 'TTKiAbi- Je5.'R>lachc jifbroKcxm 

T COozesTtza -m. 1765 SardTctLcucKg, laVmcSacutto t^ 177^ 

JUbJiU/l ii/J\ marf. tStO :BenVcnida^Saexdto.m.2 EsfherSacuflo Tnar.3- 
•rtmsr. 1771- i8yostjhom<M. 


b. r!rn^n. rcUir) lib M 







b. Gracao [gj^ 
cL.n.y, 1&S6 



bG*.racao 1822. 


fg2l- /SS-^ 


]),5t Thomas (824 
d.£rx^Larul I&8C 
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~3£3qa< Jesuru^ n» Js.rad. 
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J-u<l<xK Sols&o ^ ScLrg Teres 



Oudlth Oendes Ckumocetro Jacob Sosso frtxU/n^i Jn,ditiiSassoC^**ce) 

VloLnrvO-K 3cc5SO 
1800 - I8AO 

S cuTLuet 

X>.j\.'ihon\aS \Sxn 

1839- i&9i 


b.5h Thomas )M9 




oUTkruajna., 1918^ 
m 155J *( 


rn.l&i 7 








Solomon OmIui-o. 

I850 ~ M%& 

PjzA AND HIS Wives 


he DUTth ISimh of 

Curacao Kad a. const der^ble Jcwisk scttUifnent , 

but no TYimtster.HolUndwas a^jpaLtemaL^overn- 

Tuent, and voKeyv -tKeHebrtNw coLonish requested that a. 
minister o( their fa\tK be sent to^iddetke con^re^tion, 
Holland appointed JosKuaPhai. rU arrived accompa.- 
nxed by kvs wtfe Benvemda Zacato her ststerpstner , 
'^nd Vus two sons, illoses andSxdari. i^W J^U J0li3 
^envenida did not live to kTuwrnuck ofuiYajaa 
According to tke story, her death wais due 
to shock. On their arrival they vjere mven 
_ ^ . 1>aL rigkt rova.L reception. Gtf'^ were show- 
ered on tlnem W^^ tKe members of the new vnn- 
ister 3 flock, ^paskets of £ratt. native viandLs, 
flowers -all arrived borne on the heads of power- 
i\xi black servants. iSfevev before had the bevjild- 
ered Dutchwoman imagined anythiTiQ IvKeit- 
never Kad she seen alNeyro, or heard ot one ; and 
these tall ebon^ creatures, with their ^oxtrnx^ 
wntte teeth, arms akimbo and heads erect uncltv 
stag^gertnj Nweiqhts, were more thanftenventdLa, 
worn out with weeks of discomfort onasaiKno- 
vessel, coaLd stand, . She rave one crxj'.'^ 
der Dux/vil ^ *^ and fainted.. She never YecoMer- 
€ct fronx the demonic apparition^and her deaAJi 
resulted skortly aiieY.,Jtr ^ ' ^ ^ S^ j M 9t "^ C yf^ 
"'*"''*' ^oskua asiutmed kvs duttcsTand, au! went: 

well until tke conore^ation.tooh exception 
to his living in the kouse with kvs umDarri- 
^^^ed sister-in-law, Esther Zacuto, who kad 
naturally taken charge of his household, and. 

cKildren . ;Sack a posttton \02ls cqoivotat, and utldccotti- 
VYia -dietr rnxm^itr, tkexj said. >SoKe dutifally rn^Ynea 
iWis sUtLr-in-Uvo. E5l:heY'5 Tnarned ti^e was brief . 
In.llttLc more tjiarv a \/ear sKe died 5J^vin^ bvi^th to 
twins. wKicK did not survive Ker.^CxjiMS^-;^^^^^^ 

osKxiaTya busied Kimself' witK Kis bretnereTi , 
I But tKe\) too.tusied thejna selves witn JosKua 
Rja. Itvjouldnot dq.tnexj 5a\d for hlmto 
live alone . TKje^iy mvm^ter must oe a Tnamed 

^But wKom sViall I marrv) ? aisked tke mrrasscd 

flannak S^sso, aoed sixteeTi.tke dau^Kter of tne '^ 
Assistaut-Reader of Vne of tke 5\^naoogue >Ji;as indicat- 
ed : Wkat ! said Jbskvia wko was at teas! twenty v/ears 
older, tri^t \/ovirta ^rl I ^ >5nell iiii rne up vjitk 
ckildrcn ! Out ever oblt^vno , ke did as su^^est- 
ed. His intuition pyxjved correct , for of tkeir union 
wKick t oo1< place in 1816 ,niT\€ cmldren were born, 
erkaps tnis mtuitton was cased on an un- 
derstanding of Keredttavy tendencies .x>>jAi 
ForJiannaK kad an uncle wko was tliejatk.- 
_ of twentx^-fbuy son.^. Irie lived inCuY^jao 
with tke fertile \jotfe tkat kad so Uessed nun , 
but tke ^ame o£ tkis imitsujal family extended 
even to tke motloer coantrvj. Tke Covevnor oi 
Curajao was instructed V>\f the Crown to verify 
tke report. The prolific pair liad a g\*eat feast" 
prepared , and tke twent\/- ^even people wko^a± 
cioy>^n to enjoy it were tke parents, tke twenty - 
foitv S9ns and tke astonisked Croveraor. 3u.r 
alas ! ImTnediatel^ afte>^ tke official counting 

tKe_ltn€ beaarv to die out. 3 (i >i :: v ^ . n 
t-touldhardU^ be expected that April 4, 

JSfovember could \wt together in perfect 
harmony . until the\/ had at least had 
time to adapt themselves to each other. 

the iXxtchmart. scholar, astronomer. Imguid 

--versed in Hebrew and 5panvsh,as wellas^l^utch^- 
cjovtld not abide the Uroon that \va^ ^gpHen by 
the natives of the island . "^ B/Pce/;^^/2/^\\ was call- 
ed, and was a sin^5onq ndxt^re of mxsprononci- 
attoTis. iVom these saYine Ungiia^s . He >would not 
allow it to be Spoken in his home, and demanded 
triat his wife Learn to speak ^ood Sp<invsK . TKere 
may have been doier aii^erences too^fbr two 
weeks af'ter tKear Tnarriaoe; y ou,n^ HanT\a.h be<dn* 
so exasperated with nvTn that sKe vowed she would 
not be his wife anjf Iqncer. and to prove it, threw 
her prlght new wedditw ring out o^ the Window 
into the aarden. When she oot over her ftt of" 
temper, mere wais nvuch seavcmng ^ov the ring*, 
tlrst secretly, and men with the aid of 5(e wants, 
but It was never found, <>o loshua bought 
her a new one o oo qo o oocjo o ,^ 
or about ten x^ea^rs he remained in Curasao 
J-fe must have arrived at the Dutch island 
^bout ^%^S and .departed thervce in iS25. 
^ The cause of his exodus was a tamenlable 
5cKisni among hls^ock over the exact pronuncl- 
aAion of certain Hebrew words. The MiKveJsracl 
congreoation. Kving up to the reputation for fac - 
tiousness that it had earned in the one-hundred- 
^nd-svx1^- Steven u^rs of^ its ealstence ft^nallu 
mto two parties: those who s:aid ^/k^^iyfcn^rA 
those who held iar /l-jeJifin . The minister res- 

olutelvj - or stubbornly - refused to cKauge Kxs 
pronurvcvation , and tke ouarrel over th£ word 
became 50 bitter tKat , oatKenng Kls famuu to- 
getKer. he set sail foirtKe island o£ St/TKorndS. 


Ci>e,(D\ll\aTnCl;;arWsftwrnTrlso, \>\j tl)e grace 
ofCj 06. Prince a^ Orange Oassau etc 

f^fter b^'^^^S come to our vws X\)e bescrepavi- 
cies cmb van cone es vA)\^\) bo^e onsen sometime 
brtiueen tnePomassinv.tbe boar6 of tt)e sxjna- 
Qogae, ono. the wacbatn or preacher ofmejew- 
isbHationinxbeislanb ot Curacao onlbe one 
5\oe, onb some members of tl?e o^re^aib comutuU) 
on toe otper, an6 from w)yic[) notbinq but venj 

frejuoUiol consequences mco) result for tlje u)el- 
oreoftbe islanb: . 

bccue u)e thus founb rigbtto orbcon onb becree: 

obcd cJl^e bissentuvg members oftbe J evoVsb 
PortuoeseRalion.immeftvaleK] after tk)epuUtcc4ion 
of tV)is shall aqom ioin tbe congregation, to be 
Qoverneo as of dd py tt)e Fomasslm onbBoart of 
Simagogue. accorbm^ to tbe Jeu?lsbl^)rlu9e58 ton- 

Oboi furrt)er Pornossim cmbBottrd tfSijnagoque of 
tl;ejeivis1;ltation QtC'«\irasao.l)aveto ooWe punctual- 
ly anb ^rictli) to the regulations anb ordinances luljic^ 
sbaUbefonvarbeb di| ustotbem^ough tperamas- 
stm of'ftiejeivist) KortiigeseComutritii mjimrterbom. 

yind to reconcilement more solemn an5 perma- 
nent, bo u;e orbainbesxdei tbe bisposiUons taken on 
tbat account bij us^tbot a solemn oob general tboultt- 
givinq anb praiier 604 to bebelb at a time (tbe 60on- 
er tbe betterj to Defixebbn libeCjouernor anftCouncil 

ohus bone onbresolveb ot ourCourt intbehague, 

Csigneb;Bnaci? of Oranqc \ ta«>bau . 

febict of tbmmce of Orange uaesaurortibbmcj Quarreling 

4 a.. 

ohc vidict on. the previoLLS P<^^ wojs LssueJ^ 
by tjoe^rlmce or Orcinge n4X390LLL ijotiis 
s>\ihicc.irs of 1cv>nsh fcLtm. tn Cjotoj^jcxx^ ?»evei2 
^.ptyc:. yeors before losKuix^LSc^oL^quaiTeL 
K IS inctuii^H only to sViow h.ow these scbis- 
maiiocrujarre^Ls ruicL clUaws exteiDexi^ CLiadL 
^. ^ Vu)w difftcuLL It WOL5 tx5 repress tk^^n;, 
i C)nis procLamotiorx was ccxlicd. ferth. by cl cjuor- 
rci thatbcccirne sobi:\ter that ohjc hoLf- 
of "Hie. Congrr^aiion. refuseil to speaX to 
tbe other rimf . However, it \<kxs not turtLL 
CL st:one wait hcut been ercdcedL Vn. the buinel- 
groiinci, eothcitiTiiembers of Hiie^twofctcttoiiS 
ehouJUl not Vie near each other even. LrL 
death, thai ihe good IPrlnce interfered. . 


m sf tf^mm 

n stThomas,joshm 

served as rmnister .for mMfiy\|ear5, but 
pettvness and faction seemed as rnuxK 
A part of the cougre^ationaL life xn this tnnv- 
\nq DanlsW coLon\j as it had beeniutjhe island 
1JUA/ had Utt because of these veTcations. At 
bist there \x}as so mujclrt dissentlon thatlWT\aj\ 
tKou^ twentvj-eijht years her husband^ juxuor, 
was impelled to adopt a motherlvj attitude tovuaird 
the worried man. insisting that he resign Kis 
position and spend the rest oJ his li£e at peace. 
'^Restjnl with all these dau^ters on m\^ 
hands! exclaimed the mvmster. .j^ >f >f .* ?? :? i? 

H owever,VlannaK was determined, and 
\mnriediatel\) put into execution a plan slrve 
had: to open a store, and atone to support 
tke £am iU). <f=^sstf^^,ds=^];s^^-^s^^^^i^^^ 
" '%X TViomas >vas m the he\)da\| o! its 

gtori) then,th£ chiet coaLing^ port for tke 
wnote Spanish COain . Inits NvonderEut 
__ harbors,tradino -vessels fromalLa;er 
Nvofld pausedL,unLoadin§^ there freioht of 
one sort, and taKinq; on cargoes of anotner,**^ 
The main streets ex the town of Charlotte^matie 
>o^?ere always thronced. It Nvas in a verxj busy 
city that the children, Judith ^SBenveuida 
p, and Jacob OS14), Samiiel (1827) Sarah 
.Sther (i«3i),Rebecca(i83p, leak li«35-J arid 
1(3^57) >x)erebornand vaised.l^nnaKs 


buiintsi lKrove-sKe seemed to have a|^TUxi5 £or 
vt. Her Kxisband was not allowed inside me store : 

t declared sKe cjould not sellsomucKas a spool of 
ead wlnuen Ke was present. TKougn Vue was genial 
and amtLSuig, he was most unbusinesslike . Anogrss 
once came into v\t mop to buy 3on\e nxournwa ap- 
paral wKentae old nnanwas tres passing /'Whax/ 
saidtke former pastor Acetiously, \jOU. dan+ rv^^td 
moarnina-\|oare all bUck alreadAj T® « © # « 
or onlv) did Vnz ener^ettc woman brtTLg- 
up lKe cmldrert deterttly , pvct sVie also 
inana^ed to la\j aside two tnousarul 
■ ■ ■ dollars to start Ker ^n.s, Jacob aud 
S^mxiel, In business. One da\^ sKe called tKe 
boAjs, now^wnto n^nnopd into tke^ store. ^^^ 

Mow Coco arul Sampv * ske said/ 1 Kave 
worked Kard, as \/ou well Know; andl have suc- 
ceeded in ^ving all mis mon£\/ for a/ou boys 
to give \/ou a start in life Kow you go off to ^me 
newpUce and dont comeback until \/ou have 
made a fortune /\^"^ Si."^ ;^?^ ^'^'^ 
TKe lads invested meir money in European 
goods, and set sail for iWaraa to n\av Ket mem 
iKis wa^ at the time of the Gold- Rusk to 
California and Panama was extremely im- 
portant - rlgnt on the Kigawau o( the adven- 
turers- ais well a^ W^S tne link for trade 
between Europe and tKe pusi) yestern coast 
of ^outK America. But tne journey was not 
witnout danger, and its worst staoe was 

the crossing pf^ tKe iStKmU/5 )p\) a route ttut 
was part jungle, part swamp, and part lake • 
About a qoafter of the wa\j to. the Facvfu,the^ 
came to tLe roarlna Chagres Kvver ^hxcK ms 
even more anraljj maix asual. TKebai^e, on 
waicK u\£ two voun^ men were making the 
mssaige of' me stream, Nwas upset, arui all 
xhevr^oDcts were lost or ruined . The brothers 
reacked ft^nam^a jalmost penniless, Tljevr 
ctharm and amaabiUtvj. however, won tkem. 
friends, and tKe\^ wtained from the local 
^business houses credit that enabled them to 
in a commerctal enterprise that soon pmspeiu 
fct in ttietr better fortune -for thev^ boxh 
did become rich men - a deadly quarrel parted 
the brothers. Thevi discontinued both busi- 
ness and social relations, anxi never spoke 
tx) eAch other to tKe end of their da\js. ^^^ 
9 ^hen the second daaqhter, "Benvantda*, 
was married to pandsorneSack'' 
Ltndo. poor but^nnak 
had saved another tkoxjisand dollars 

to give the y ouno couple She had stronohj 
disapproved of the matcK oix account ofthe 
uoun^mans financial status, Kad done 
rier best to persuade "Bern" to accept a well- 
to-do suxtor from Hamburg who was Ker hus- 
band's cousin, but the N^H^g. people were so 
in love, and persisted in tKetr attachment 
for so many years, that m 1&44 she consented 


to the TaatcVv aud genevoasl\j ervdLowedmem. 
A tKousand dollars was a very uniisixaL dowrxj 
For tVvect time : when hev siep-sonWoses.voas 
TmrrledxTv iSjy, Kis brvde Rebccxaiopez-Kmscca^ 
Kad broooKt with, her onlxj twoKundrcd dxAlars, 
and Jadan s bride, the getvtle XocKe Lopezl^nseca 
whom he married the year after Benvanldas wed- 
duiQ, had a similar dot, :,, ^t-- >v' ^ .~, ^^/-i^,' 
^KuApLza dtedinlS5o , at the age of 
seventy- two. His wife oatltvedhim 
by twenty-nine years . ^_^^^ 


J Jut Jj(7tu^ ^Hxot ^ Mz^/(ju^/ncm^^97^ C^Jncu^kx^^'OhMu^, 



/ / 


J>rri, ^.,, g,^ 

fflamogeCntract beh,v...;6env:\m6uT{7.ti r»n..3acc'b jesTunLmbo. ^'- 

s 3. vviiov. Harases 

Status rerruiTied ancKlnaed For \/eaY5 
old "Jeosxi^hr hd.d been or no f iranctal 
assvstanjce. It >was almost entvrely by Ker o>^;n 
efforts that this rema^r kabl\( energette woinan Uept 
iKe chxLdven NweLl dressed. atbr*actlve and Healtki^ 

"On what do N/ou, feedthemV Inquired the 
netgnlx)rs admiring Ihetr clear . fme compleli- 
^xons . and taVl upright tortns . <-=<:>»<=s«-k3-^=>5:5i^> 
"Salt codHsK and beans! " answerea the >wvdow 
tirivimif4iand\) . She (M(X not believe ' tn luxurvj : s\ie 
believed in saving . h\ tWe end ot the >year, sU^ 
ased sadly to calculate Kow much money c>Ke 
would have made, if sKe^hadTvt spent so mucK 
on rent and food"; -as if those neccessities were 
extTi^s. v-^t>a 050. <3Sj^ ^iQi <se>Q> (^C^ 
Tke stepsons. ®oses and SudaVx were married 
in 1^35- and iS^5,respecttveL\j, and after thai. tiTnc 
their own growing families made "diniposbibte 
tor them to be ot any greai: f Cnancval a^d ._ ^^^:.,/ 
MannaVv was an inveterate match-maUer aiid. 
one ty one alL the handso^ne daxx^hters found 
nusVands amon^ the prominent traders, most- 
ly V(\zw. £rom abroad whose business natxuviUu 
Wou^fht them to St.Thomas. It was coiuinciily 
gd^t hat all the best/2^rA> went totheRja^lrls 
' cKyl\xa>\>as the yoangest.and her 
mother's iavorite child. In the ^^r 
1^60. when the sons and all the omer 
daughters were m^arr led, Achy became 

enaaaed at tHe age of twenty -two to Sotomoa 
DeCvalle . tweaty ftvea ver\^ yrprnisiriQ vou^ 
bustness man of 5!t TKomds. JhfcariT^K IrettEd 
that sKe could uot ^ve this JpearL of da.itgktcy*s 
sucK a weddtng-f resent as she ^elt she ckseYvecL 

On Satanlax^ mornxng^, wkxle the olcL 
ladAf was -feikiua a bath, a servant Knocked 
act me door to tell Ker tkdt a dxver was there 
who Kad brou^t up from ike bottom of the 
sea sometamg that r\e was eager to show to 
Kis old casto^ner at once, before taking it toanij^ 
one else. Qca c xs CTeac a cm Ggfc ae^^ 

'Hand it to rneikroUgh the door/^atd iKe 
Widowl\x'a* Wrapping herselt matowel. and 
reaching out aWre arm for the pacl^et, ske exanw 
ined it and fbund it cjontaiiTved a Tnost beaaiiful 
dvamond ^ndant . Tlie stone was cat heart - 
shaped, and wkvle rw metal showed from the 
front, it was mounted in gptd with delicate 
EiLiqree doors at the bacU whim could be open- 
ed to clean tke large wkite stone. Tke heart 
huna ^rom a graceful diamond bow-Unot, 
whicn was suspended f'rom a slender oblden 

Hannah s heart beat faster. Here was a 
jewel indeed worthxj o^ H^achel, her pearl of 
daugnters, so pioas, so devoted. But she con- 
trolled the eagerness in Kev voice : ^'^\> 

>Low mnch? "she incaiired of the owner. 


TKree hitixdredL! Notkvug ot tKe sort, saixi 
^fennak.not fbraettin^ to be a ^d Wsi-ness 
womAYV, evea vn rier eagerr\ess . I ll give \/ou.^ 
S200.00 Itl C3lsK rloKt rtow. \BLKe A,t or leave tt. 

Tine diver tooK It, aLndlfeniaairt Wa^r^ 

tlr\£ io\/fAil possessor of 1^ teA\xtlfU.L ItaU^xv 

jewel, rescued from tKe deptks . SKq coald surct- 

l^walt UTvtit RacKel caraeKomef'roms^na^i^ 
to olve it toner ^r^'^^Oix.g<^i^^^^<ty^^-\^,N»;<-^.^>^^;i. 

Qive XT TO ner v^-^:^ ^w^^,'^m^<^,^./■'^--\^^>^.-• '^^^<:^.- ^^i. 
Acl^ examvnedxt adTmririQUj, and tKen 
gaxed at ner motWer iutnoa^Ktml sileace . 1 

'*WaTT\Yna. NwVien dx& \)Ou buy tKi^ ?'*at len^tb 
ske asked. . . 

Ihermotker rlusVved: ' Jodav..^^^a^,^^^ 

^Todav)* Onme izMj/A/ Achy s rioKi^us 
iiuLtgnattoTv knew rto bounds . SKe absotum^ 
recused to accent the siWalli) acquired aift. 
The dotinij Tnotner vec^oed, and ^eaded, bu+ 
it voas Kours before me ptoas daughter conser. 
ted - not to acce/rt\X - that sKe woiitd never do- 
but to receive tft^/ trus/' tor the first dauokter 
ske skouldbear. Ske also rec(uvred that ker 
motker give to ckarib| an amount similar to 
tkat \ok\m ske kad spent oatKc trinkets k^ 
(^ck\j did ^Ive tKe jpendant to ker daugkter 
jIoditK .b at fVe(UAen4ji >o^ore tt hjerstlf ,)^H^ ^^.^_ 
keWiapwPiza reall\j enio\jed beina 
in business, and ton^ after it was 
ncccessary for ker to work , for ker 
^^ sons wiere successful, and Smlx sons in 
law ocncrous. we {\xl6^ ker still at \tv Ben 


and AaaronlLarla, tKe huskands of KerdaLuaKt- 
ers Ketecca and Leak, would send her grtox 
duests ciontainmo sampUs o^m^rcluindtsehwi 
}-fecnnbarg tkmkiw she migkt be able to uti- 
Uze tke fineries for kerselt But tKe ternp- 
tatlon to make a bargain vwas too strong for 
ker, and notkma tkat coald be sold >?iK)aldsKe 
keet). Ske g^ave curecttons to sewing women to 
make tne stlKs, laees and £vne nvatervdls into 
q^Yments wkxcK ske sold n\ost advanta^oask^ 
"Ske was parat\/z.ed for tke last ten \|ears oE 
Ker life , but Ker indomitable spirit was as 
livelxj as vpre . V/fe mtcst pvctxire ker beautiful- 
l\) dressed tn a silken peignoir, a crisp laee 
cap on k^r kead, seatea in a rocking cliair 
witk a bng table drawn up in f^ront of ker. On 
vt are kev wares . Kor does ske allow her repu- 
tation as a splendid cook to lanouisk : frequent- 
Ivj ske lias the coal- pot broa^r in, placed clo^e 
beside her rocker On it sae manes yur2fz" 
more deUcious than anyone else, and a yuava 
souptkat has no rival. Q^ Q;, . 'Z^ 

^*=y ^^e two sons of Joskviariza by kxs first 
^ \y % marriage, and me nine ckildren ky 

M0'' ; tke tkvrd alltaYvce. were practicallu of 
^^^^^^^^^_^di^ferent ^rueratioixs . 0oses.tkeeld- 
e^smt^wasonlxj eleven years youu^rtkaa 
kis stepmotker IniS3C, the vear ke married 
Rebecca iiopezFouseca, hvs father and step - 
mother became the parents otJLeah. ©bses' 
first daughter, Bienveriida.was borrva vje^v 


later, bat before Kis second cKttxi was born 
eioKteea moniks after that. tKe older coaple 
had iproduiced IRacriel, preceding thetr ararid- 
cKllrf b^ one TYiontK.InanTiaKs nxne cKiVdren 
were a muclx tvvlier clan tfian tKe sons of 
iKeButcK TnqtKer. In the superior vt\| and 
conceit of liKeir greater number, tKe\j used 
arrojgrctlxj to raer to tKe older brancKastKe 
''ImVfxtxas . But tkglr motKer was too fair 
to allow tkeit : tHTalf-PizsLS, Indeed! ''sne stonncdL 
*TVie\; are the r^L Ptzas . li iKereare an\j halF- 
Pix^iS, Its \/ovi \ ** There covild Kave been no 
ijealousy m Ker nature, for sKe named ber 5ea)nd 
daxtgbter Benvenlda after Her Husband'^ first 
Wjie. 3iSj^@>@ @^ ^c ^ _ — -— — ^^ 

Tobabl\/ It was on account of tke closeness 
)f age of uncles and nieces growin^^ \^ 
.5 one oeneratlon. that tne marri^^e of 
lannans son 'SampV with. Ker step-grand^ 
[^ter 'Macne' C^econd dau^kter of ^ej^oses ^ 
Rebecca) came about. TKex) went by meBible, 
andmtnat book tke marriage of uncle and 
Tuece is TiowKere expresslx/ forbidden: C^^^ is tke 
union of aunt and nepkew). Eu^nics was an 
unknov^ science, and tke Idea lkat consanouin- 
tty was a bar to marriag^e r\!i\?zr occured to 
mem. So these two were wedded. It was 
etoKteen Ajears after the ministers deatk , 
but surely he would have inade no objection, 
for \/cars before Ke had not -protested wKcn 

hx$ wtfe made the rnatcK Vetvuecrt tlievr eldest 
-aoid most |?eautiful - dauaKter Judtdi, and 
HannaJxs brol^r JudaK. AfteralltKeatunber 
o( peot)le coTvsldered eligible as mates for thetr 
prUmxj breed was decldedlxj UmVtecl . TKe^v- 
ernment circle was Damsli. Welcn .GirUtian. 
It was^ear d^ tkls set that made melPixas 
^ awxvoas fx)r tne ^ety oi tKe all too attractive 
ludttix that thex) thrust her, unwilltny, into 
idle arms^ o^ her middle a^ed ancle . The 
natives'' were Uack5. The 5eN\>isK residents 
who lived in lo/2f/^7t, poorBukra^ were com- 
mx)n, ordinary ; in short not to be considered. 
It was among frve visiting Jswlsn merchants who 
came to St momas to traoe^tl^^ several of tne 
Sons- in law wem selected. But among me Foreion 
ers, those of German /^^^<?' origin were loDkedL 
downupon as not noble enough iox distinguish- 
ed ' Scfyfiartd/n. to wed . However, an exception was 
made in favor ofHerman Meyer when he want- 
ed to marr^ S^^jrah- for he was sucK a gaxtrnatck 
thai no sensible parent could object ..TheiiouTiy 
Luria men who were with him in busine&^ttiouyh 
Germans, were Sefhardic, and euDible furK^becca 
andLeaK. KgnruHendesMisario was welcomed 
as the first nusoamd of tsiher Jtenuait.iavetEraiE 
matcK-maker, boasted naai she had married her 
nine children ten times. (j3hen theywere all 
married and scattered over lKe globe ,l^hij ^Klrs. 


SolomouDelvaiLle) always KerTuolhEr's Favorite, 
d;xv± rnosi devoted duLd, though herself the mo\Lr 
of lu^elve chUdren, refused to Ifeve SlTKomas as 
1he old ladAj survived . . a^.<^^^Q^<2k^asi:o . 
he last M^ars oi the widows life were spent 
,ma svute of rooms ihat she rented troin 
me maidea ladies, the BissesKBiLduro, 
_ ^0 \oriose mea^ exchecquer the reat 
\^as a most \^eleome addition m tlie midst 
of preparations for the celebration of her %Oth 
birthdaii,!Hannah died of infliienTa. It was 
also tne Sotiiijear of the. Ctiitimj • , 


VVVUVVVVVi VVlVV«i;vvi/V«/'|VVVV(/V3>VUl|>fUVVUi'«>l/|/VI/I^V«'VV'V'VA'V*'< ^''VVV 







Q)p(l})il6ren of THoscs midRcbeccttPiia 


loses, M driest 

3 son ouoshu^n-ia 

ajid Kls wlfeBenvenida^cuto, had an event 
ful ijoulk. Bora in. fWisterdam. talMl, Ke accom- 
panied his paretds or the lono haird trip bij 
saUiag vessel to the cpLoni) o* Curagao wherv 
cftUy four years old. His inother dyma 5h.ovthi 
after their arrival, he and lais in^mt %o1ner 
we handed over to the care of tKeur aunt, 
l^therZacuto who for a very brief periocL be- 
came thar stapmoiher Soon after to death., 
sne was succeeded by a new one Jiann^ 
Sasso, eighteen, ele.ven.ijears older than Uises. 
There is every reason to believe that snewa-S 
Hind and just to h£r stepsons, even wiltithc 
cares of her own rapLdly Lacreasui^ famUu. 
COhenBlbses vaas tWlve they aU, went to oi- 
TWnias to live, arid there some ten years 
later the a^eiao minister retired from, the 
pulpit, and the uoy had to lielp las mothej* to 
support the fanuUj wliich had attained nie 
number of eievea children Cu^clacUa^ tl\e 
t^WjJke first mavria^e)s \\^'^ ^ a )> i. ^. .> t 
lufi-eued, fair and tall was flloses. 
His .oLsposdion was ^nlle and aP- 
fectlonatE . Ohen he was tiwervtij- 
fcur, In the tjear \%35^, he married 


iRebeccal/opezToiiseca, ol^ a fWili^ distirigaisl,- 
ed In the aimals of Curasao as pioneer sdflers 
aLod rai>pvs ever since m middle, of the XVI I 
Centurij Closes had ms ,o>wn More , and now 
Kis mfe, who was his senior by onejyear, assisted 
Imu-They nad sU duldrea, five of wnomUved: 
pienvenlck Cl85t). Joshua 0%58)who died, m 
infancy 'R§(cheL(lS5S).J)avid dm). HannaKO*^'} 

oses \wa? a man of imposing mien.and 
^ highuj respected. In 1m he was chosen 
as acting Ufiader of the (origTc^tion du 
^ rino an. ir^im m the Habbuucat siuxes 
^ofi; for Jo5hual\xa had so well taught fus 
two eldest boys that theu Titnew^e\^T;y \yord 
of mellebiew services M m fe) m m 

at ihebirtK of Esther, -the 
(w)h.ose advent six years 
came as a surprise ' 




that an i 

J couple then considered middle a^d) 
IncLdent ocoired that - according ^ the 
teoend- had a devastating effect onfubses. 
and indeed onnis whole familu ."Rebecca had 
had a difftcatt time at the birth., and herbbi) 
■was betng nursed bij Ker sister Leak, whose 
own tttfant ,IV>chel, was foor montfis old Mer 
recovery was slow, and the black midwife in 
attendance was cross and moody. She did 
Tiot traat his T^jca' with the^nttenes^ 

that tke. syimalKetictriosKf' ftlt to be her 
due . Exasperated by some uupudeace , he 
dapped Ker. The negress was furLoiis She 
cursed him. Sqdtv after a strange aUeratfoh 
ia the nature of the rnait becarTie apwrerit . 
His (^tvlle cheerfULiiess vanisKed^.Teople 
whispered -tiiat the nurse had put '^Q'eiA 'on 
him. Others hlated that she had poisoned 
him with, a venom whose effect was slow . 
Qmiever caused it, JOGfoses fine mind oave 
wau, and he became subject to periodit Ris of 
melamKoli) anymore violent LnsaTLLtij,'g.>Kick 
unfitted htm for ami work and made him. a 
caipe and worru to trie whole famiiij . ^ijq *3o«q 
€)n the advice of DrTVelo.tKe fermlu t)hu- 
sitiaa, he was taken to INfewiork andP)oston 
Id see if the American doctors could help his 
case, tte went willtnglu. and made several 
trips O^ one of these, tnl^J*} , his secorui 
daiighter,l\achel.a9ed twenty, accompanied 
him. ' ■ '■ •/ -^' - .■ - ^y^ / 
Ti 1^62 nachet married her felner5 
hau-brolher Samuel (Sampi*) \\\M(,(> 
Ifeivid.twentij-sevea, married his 

cousLn!Rachel,iJudaKs dauoKter; 

and m\Sm€sm£rtweniij-iwo married her 
^^ffln, Josh' lindo. aijear older. »» *r. «r> 
^i^t u^rs after their marriaoe David 
Mjd^ llachel went to Xew YorK to live. 
Their offspring numbered six, and 


iacreased tonine. CJitklkeDiaLvulKxas came 
his mother Jlebecca. desiring to be near her aw 
helpless spouse who was beia§ treated in aTful- 
adelphia sanatarlilm; tKeu were aLso accom 
ipaniea by Bienveiuxla ami j1annak,Davids 
Wo latmarried sisters . At ihe a^e oP sub^ su 
Rebecca died , In 14/6. more than aijear beKne 
Tier invalid Iriasbarid. G)Ken it was seenlfiat 
her dfiatk was immiTient , Both her married 
daaqkters^ UacheLftza iaTkri5,and Csther 
ttncto inTanama.made ocean voyages to see 
her once mor^ebat both, arrived too late . 
In 3ane MTffXJ^ses diedi and was laid to re5t 
From the house of his son. 

l>afl[uiTrrolx|^w tf Rpbecca,fetbi*r m^ QohO^siVi li>60 





'«0 J- 

£ ^ 


d i 

= o 


- ^ 


'5 i 

f?|l ^ 



11 • -rwn — tj 






full brother of .0oses, 

and about four ijears his junior. TFifitr 

uouthfid experieruiES \oere simiUr. but the 
naMships or ttie leaa years of their bojm 
reacted diffenentUj on their natures,Ij3oses 
remaining WndLij and gentte as long as he 
had his mental heaith.and 3udak becx)miiw 
hid tempered and fTetmi. rlt was homem 
of face, short and stocky of fibure,and ne 
had a reputation for irascibiliiu so wellesbK 
tilled that, when at the a« of mirty-IWQ he 
wished to Tnarru the loveCyI,eah Lopezlonsea. 
Moses sister- In-taw, no one was more against 

ppos'ttion was unavaiUno, for tatMifKe. 
imarrled the gentle 'Jbocne', taiU. aijd 
svelte^ twenty-three years old .Tliey 
_ had ihree children, named unorigt- 
.y Denvenula08'»<'),Rath£l(i8'^T) and 
Joshua (Mii ). Rs he drew older. Judah'5 
heallK declined and his irritablUtu incne^ 
ed.ftbout the time that Joshua wds hr- 
rmt5v<iA, he beoan to be a real sufferer from 
stone, an uLntss wnich caused piin^t 
paroxims that so tortarerfed Kim that 
heshut hmsdf innxsroDTTiand became 


pracficaLU a Ivtrmit. GJKenius ^Loditago- 
mes shflok nim. his voice could be heard for 
Hocks. liOcWe cared for him iemkrlu .¥.:^ 
n 1%41 Kb sou left St ThoTnaskir&naTna 
where he and. another nephew, Joskita 
l\Tido. were taken, into busmessby 
their 5uc££S5tuL unde.SamuElPliaL. 
"JosKKxa'Tnarried. Hannah (3rauta)Brandon 
inl^f 1. and avjearlater brought her and trieir 
infant son. to StTKonus io meet his suifenn^ 
old father and his patient mother. That was 
a gala day forJudah. The invalid left Kis 
rcDm- indeed h€ walKed even to the wot 
of the hiU. to bless thEuonno bndegrpomand 
his iwentu-ijear-oLd, sprL§htm bride. Jt^ve 
himespeciaJLjoi) that the names of the ijouno couple 
echoed those or his venerated father ana his 
pijerg^cjtef mother. 

' joche died in1875, when only forty- 
nine uears dd. Her Ulness.undiaQ- 
vv Si >gWsed at the time, from (jfecrietion 
^s,^^^5eems to have been cancer Joshua 
camST on to be ^with his mother at the end . 
(jOhen hg. returned to Tknania, he bnntohi his 
sister mda with him to be one of his nouse- 
hpld . Kachel had married her cousin,I)ay id 
Piia, eleven ijears before, and was Winq In 
Wewlorlr ^Ar^^^-r-'yvi iT-:sr.l^.r5j^£Si2:^.:Kivi2-. 

For the rest of his Ufe Judah was £aitK- 
fulLij tended by a colored nurse,K]uth. Sac 


amllKe barber wKo came weekly to shave Kim 
were almost tKe onhj people he saw, bidtaeu 
kept Kim lively wvtk the news and Qossip of 
the town Ke had the fasdnation or mustenj 
for liie children cH the famdy who uovecL to 
peek at the queer old man hxmchednp ov>er » 
ins prayer- books Jjui who ran away if He turit ; 

edand up kedin tnar directionyC > ^.^' 
n is<li. at the age of sevenhj seven he 
died . 'Kida , living in UewYork witK 
the David Tizas had preceded him 

■^ ■ by Time years. She died unmarried 

but secretbj engaged to one David Umlo.her 
brother's book- Keeper, whose circumstances 
were such that he could not afford to marrv^ 
Her death, may be attributed to worry . She 
Wc^ a delucate graceful woman, afTedioniteaud 
ejdremdy sensitive. Besides the straia of a 
bve affair; of which the consummation seem- 
edhopeless, hey tender hfiart was rent by the 
kiid whidvier brother Josk from his sister 
andbrother-mlaw.tkeD.(0.?i2as, a feud 
mch spread to other branches of theTl'za 
family tree, and even parted foster- s'lsijprs. 
COemust ^ back Gonue years to give the 
"^"" "'^ "^s quarrel. .e^=3(aiS^<c^=^^^ 

"ftrst five children of Joshua and 
nmtaPiza, three boys and-fcwo^rts 
werebominTknama. In \hn the 
couple had the nrusfoTtane to lose. 

witKm 1}i£ sipace of four TnoalKs, iKeLr tkree 
sons.nrturo, l^dmn And an iminamed infaiit. 
IKe twenty-six year old mother was beside her- 
self, and \3«ajTiEdanQerousLu ill. Josh, decided 
to take her \o CVew lork. in the hope of saving 
her life which wis hanoinjo by a mread . She 
survived the voyajge.atld- feganto improve ia 
he new surroitnctuiQs. Hewouldnevertake 
ler back to the scene of her terrible bereavement 
I her husband declared.. SotheusetdedinKew 
lorKwithiheur two surviving children ,LeaK 
and ifVimee, and Josh's sister "Mda But sgdti 
the heaid of the house had. to go backto^im. 
to take his shaTeiaihenesponsibilihjinSaml 
nuA&Co >k divided his imiebetweenhis 
family ia New York and his business in^Mma 
Mowever.ihwas three months tbrthefemik 
land nine for the business, and after inree or 
four years, Josh.who was esseatialiu domes- 
tit, decided he could no longer live Inatwau. 
and determined, to quit ihepusiaess. Mt 
ialked over his plaus with his imcle. Sam. 
me senior and contn)\lia9 Partner, and it 
yas projected instead, to open a branch of ilie 
mtsiness inXewYork with Josh nza tnchanje 
Previous to this arranj^nvEntDavidO-Vlza 
nadhad the agency for Kis uncle -brother-ih- 
law's affairs ia New York . ftlthoimti he was 
auowedto retain for him.self all me cusfcm- 
ershehad. he was ftirious at the newarran 


mcnt, and declared that jlosh^PxzA wa5 takia^ 
the very bread from the mouths of Kis own 
sbterb ch!ildrea 1)e severed all social relations 
wvrti his uncle 5am,aad His cousins J 05hl>ixa 
and Josh iindo - wno were abo Viis brothers- 
in-law - and would not allow his wife UacheL 
to see her brother. Tlida, who was living with 
the loshTiias in twentu thini street vuasfor 
bidden his house by ^ avid, as long 86 she came 
there fVom the home oP one of those vuho.TDavid 
Mtjhad used him so badly, r^^^-^^-i^^^^^--^ 
or sensitive flida was nearlij distracted, 
iom between her love for her Drotherjosks 
^ familu and tier sisterT^chels, She de^ 
cided finallii that if sh.e went to reside 
wim Bdvvd and Raai£l stie could stiU visit 
Josh and ^nda; 5o that was her next move. 
Dut when her ill used broflier-in-law became 
aware iKat sKe still Itept up with tiiat ftmilij, he 
fevbadeit. Che untiappij uouno woman became 
hysterical and weaV and-^oon faded away. 



JUD^'P»7A mnii LV)NAAHue>l 


t>lZA n^^lt^ &^«A?AbACM» 

SosWRxa mi^K }iama\i8as^o 


' 4 ,'^^ 

Debcenbentsof Joskaliiixs d^fbt IVan^hter. v^rtCiuit) 

J 6 a. 

ubith aasthehanb 

OlR^ as dKll as the 

eldest of M^nYicih. aM JoshwAma-s seven 
well- favored daaighters. She was attradtive fe 
popalar, but alas, not wltKth£ set tnat her 
parents wished her to marrij into . It was ijie 
wealthy Goverameat circle., aiidtiie gay 
young Panish, officers that occiLpied her 
fnoumts, a. group whose attentions to a 
b^undiL but impecunious ijoung Jewish^rl 
Ihey could no 
if'timj did- they . . 
end JosKna , and evenXknnah., could not 
face th£ thpiuM of sum dtsgraoe , Thpu 
must oet tne'^irl married and out of the 
>rt£mptatu)n.<sKii «jaQ <®cl ei^su 
nere was a^wisn young man who 
admired her, but so faunt hearted a 
youta that he lacked the courage to 
X^ress, his suit. "He put Vus case in me 
hands of Judith's uncle, SudahSasso and 
begged him to fmd out if he wouldbe accep^ 
taJore. 3\idah, vohx) drije-rlshed a secret ad- 
mlratiOTi for the buxonLQirl, went stra^ 
to j:\is sister : — .,-__^,^ -.-»- — . ./ 

Ctv^^Tf^'^.^ho do i^outhmk would Tiuke 
3u£Um a better husband,mat i)oun^ snip 

}sro\w>6tn.TiaK loved Ker brother wVu) was 
considered wellio do; aud besixles she 
thoaofvt thiS lusaoas girl would be bet- 
ter on guarded by an dulEr TYiari . So she 
gave her consent to their marriage^udidi 
syasno t yet SLxteen, and JiLdaK about forbj! 
h "1 fel oswever w, gm, was still to be Tfedtoned 
i^ nSi "^^^ She refused to have an^thinxf 
p - ^M ^ ^ w^ ^ skinny oulmari,sma)- 
rHRn bino him at every, opportunity. Her 
mother Kepr after her persisientlu . One morn- 
ing she invaded her daughter 5 DGdoTamber 
when me gurL was hardlu awake . Speakmo 
of the gtflair years after, 3udilh. who never 
fo|^ve her mother Ibr forcinnher, said '. 
. 1 . was sleepy, and she kept frettinq , 
M iinalhi m eneer weariness ,Is^ 'Yes! 


'Ihenli aued over and went to' sleepr 
ut when her unde came to see her 
after this decision, the oirl was no- 
\yhere to be found . hatEr she was 
Jdiscpvered htdmo underabed,and 
she had to be forcibly pulled oat before 
she would meet her fmnc^ . Durino the 
en^ageirieni that followed she was constant 
UjL contrtvinanot to be Left atone- with her 
betrothecl. Dhe usedi to bribe her^ster 
^iivanidato stay in ihe room^IKcua- 
wcUome lover did fits best to capture tne 


nirls young affedioiis : he brought Ker Aolis 
to play WOTV, but even that dul luat vuinher 

heart, f § t| Q. B ft ^^. /J.N. 
hey >\;ere rnarned, and as might nave 
been predictecL. there was no happi- 
ness ror dther of the ill assorted 
pair. Sudita was statuesque, imper- 

xoiis vain. She tcok great pride m 

her remarkaWy beautifuL Wands, and careftilh) 
Tnarucunedher filbert nails -no one else mlheir 
sd indulged ui sucKrujusense. s>h^ manu- 
factured careftdly,|creams forherface, and 
pomades for her lovely hair. JuxlaK, velL aware 
thai alL ttiis effort was not for him, objected 
to these vanities, and tried to keep his dasK- 
Ingheautij at home. Xe was Prankly.shaTnE' 
lessly jeaLons- Ihey quarreled Incessantlu— 
and 72^7/ quietUj . The youn^ y^X^Q^ seratcned 
her husband. Gomparino tnetr physuiues 
It is easu to see that ^tiegot tne better or 
him . 3ut even in the midst of her most 
violent races she did not Forget her vanitu 
but wouta pause in her teinYum to smcsom 
out the wrinkles that had coHeded in her 
alabaster brow. Time ana again JudaK, driven 
front tne house, woiddrusk to his ststerHannak 
for comfort aPber ^ scene with her vtolent douoh 
ter. jSometimes Judith would lock hum in 
his room, and herself gocjut- ^t onetime 
thetj went to uve witn ner parents who acted 



ju; P-W 





as mediatoi^ in tKj&ir quarreU [ f 
^fter some fatile struggles, Judah oave up 
jr^ \ striving for masteni, and SfuduK did 
jf4^\as sKe pleased. She even had her 
^^ own bedrcDm, - whim was consider- 

ed scandalous. IKey had two cKudreu , 
l^nnah and'^uims ; the girl inner ited 
her fatners meagre phnstque.and was w^vtx 
a favorite with her mother . but the boy, hand 
some and attractive, was her eyes! ^ ^ 
uditn read voraciously . and was am 
bitious to see more of tite world Ihan. 
Stlhomas- As her husband saidlhey 
^^^ , ouldnotaffordto travel, she set about 
earning the wherewithal for atrip. 5he dtd 
this quite easily bu importing shoes firom 
rraruie and seUuru? them at a good profit to 
the negroes. She went into society richlu 
aiid tastetullby dnessed. It was commx)nuj 
said that theGovernor oF St%joma5 was ar 
her feet. InUter years she went rrequenthj 
to Europe. Juiiiis, established with a ferisian 
firm, p rovided generously for his mother . 
^^ Ke great h'agedy of her bitter 
^^-<^ Ufe was his death Me had mar 

^^ SX ^*^^^tthirt4iT|Pkris, where 
^ y^ he was employed by a®rll)reyfus. 

>(b wife, a handsome English girl, 
whose parents were from StlKomas, was 
Ada Pa (Costa. It was not one ofthearmnged' 


Frenck marriages, but a real loue attatr; forPidiis 
fatner failed m busvness durlrug me period of 
Ine betaruthaL and ottered to rd£a5etn£jpuig 
man ?rom his engagement, aslmrl^a Costa 
could not now provide tHe apprDf^iiAte dowry 
that v\;a5 ixirt oF tixeirnaritat aoreement in 
every dL^rufiecl uxuonvnTrench sockty. Tkat 
^uluis djbdainedthe otfer seems onu) natiLral 
to us. but tt caused mujch favorable comment 
at the time. He arulBda were married and 
had two chlLdrem , Conrad andVe^ra. They voere 
blissfully happy. %zn BCfcBreyFLts transferred 
3uIvustoT^ru so that he might mene manage a 
branch of his business - He toDk his fimvtlij 
with nun ; bat peace vanished In the new 
countru. A brother in-law ollMrlDi-eyPiLS be 
came Ut, and Sulins generously took him into 
his horne,andlriearui7?^(la mtr^dhim back 
to health . Then he discovered ihat hts hos|)Ual 
Ity had been rewarded by a Love afTair between 
his wife and iheir patient . Leaviruj anote sayino 
that he died of a broken heart, Julius shot him- 
self. Disconcerted by the gossip that centred 
around ner,^da FLeA+o fans, wficre laiiershE 
married attlrl^eye, the man Julius had nanv 
"" in nls will as mxardian of his chiidren. 
idlth lived ror 5ome years inKambum . 
Her husbarul died while she was abnwul 
Y^vin^ spent his last years at ihehomeoF' 
the Solomon KBaduros. Chls wife's sisfer 


and Wther-lulaLvy . ITit last coup le of decades 
of Jadillxs Lon^ Ufe were passed in. New 
York, sometimeo residiriQ wUh V\er dau"* ' 
Viaanah,- whose married life >wvtti Abram 
is hardUj more ffelijCLbous than her mo1hers»»i 
ih - somelimes , after violent quarreb witK 
tr, living Du herself. 
lc manner of ner deatk 



cWacteristlc. and m keeping >x)itK ^ 
her passionate Life. She was running i 
after a young South American Lad wKofJ^ 
boanledwith them., to chastise him with 
inumDreUa. when, sfie slipped and fell aiiA 
rokeherlcfl. As she was nearly eiohtij.-ihe 
bone did Tica kmi. and she died of the pneit- 
monia that resulted from her long stay In 





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nit iMo ~1 i%oo - »*»o 






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Ve^ien^mii) of ooJi^iialiias 

JUDITH rtAr)l , LKO.E> , , i^\])QI\£<:ARrOXE 

tbC( ISO' 


JH^JL Alf^ CSOlM i/I^A fA£.iff tjj^U ^Ly lii/l Aim MKU Bfft bfTP ///J^/i ^i^i^T <i-^ 

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JiUfe* Ikni fcK^CIwi* iiuU^*7,eUitt r^ntit fi-eu ituUfri1,Hf «tlhu,iUUu. 

UOWt: m t,^ldlU>^W OU^ndulMli^lUifMdo fk^nrmlAurulttutO 

Ccmtuntll /fKAorU UtiLfh I'u'A. fifajier L'j: 

Second DixwciyitiT,, Lm\\ CK\UV 


ab life <fflQses, 

existence qf Ju4aK,,aTidmetra9edj) 

of ^udvtk s^rmsnuji^ lRe happy donih 
tu:ltxj of B^mJRlm V5 es|f cmir4j)(eas- 
UflQ. ns me second dauguter. she hadjejudith: 
loVeLess marrlaQe before ner as a Korribie ex- 
ple. I)etermiTi£ wed onlij for love to 


fier parents disappointment she refuDcd the 
offer of a wealthijijeUtive of \\£V fathei\ Her 
heart was set onmndsomeSack ibido'ayounD 
vnsxi of ^(Dd character, and UkaUe; but poor, ' 
and appareatU) without much business abll- 
ity. Judith, two uears her senloi" encouiag- 
€d hJer plucky sister to adaere to n^ ?«elec- 

tion. and with this backing she was^o cer 
sbt m her choice for so lono tlrmt fuiaiLn 
slie wore dowrt her mother's objectioa . So 

m ISji, whea^wi vc«s iv^^eatij- tJiTiee , she 
married facob jesiU'un iLiudo, who wd«, 
^v cjibout jge same aget^ -^. --,.,/f.,^ -^.^j 
^O^iey k^pt a ^ore; that seems to I4ve 

^ji tti€ onli) known \^a\j of makino 
I a llvino ih St Ifiomas . ^ut tliere 
fj fclL were to5 many stores alrexuluaad 
V after their hrst chitd , IPoTris.voasiborn 
. me Liados werd lo seeK iKeir fortuTLe in 
Darcelona. veaeiuela. Theij vj^ver made 


muck moncu but were a contented bvin^ 
couple. Clriildrea came fast. The first year|tei| 
weremBai\:elona,3o5hiia was bora (1W). Jrie 
Iwim.^nikandlvuta arnvedinW^I. Oarita 
af)p^tredtTvlS53. Follow>ed bu Alfred, in ]m, 
fulitaia \m and Samuel m is^ , . 

aw:K Llndo \was known for his good 
' nature. He wrote a beautiful Hand .and 
wa& always wiUlno to obUoe fiis friends 
^ by inscribing fine flourisffed invMob 
armouncements for them . His Uterarvi style 
was considered oood and he was oflea required 
to coTnfX)5e important letters J\n accurate aowunt 
ant.hewould obujQLaglij straightea out muddU 
h. But he never received any recompense^^gs^ 
se favors, mucii to Ki5 wifeb disgust. iC 
f^ envanida was well liked . She was iailarul 
fine looking. She had her mother's a\ixg^ 
and her fathers Love of readino. She 

. had'admiTTers'. Once.ataball.aSpan- 

iajd ITI^ Ipv^ to her. 'fb-haps d tickled her 
vanitu for she dllowed him to plead a while; 
tneri she turned, a l(»k of wdherino scorn 
on the dapper litue man,, hade him. compare 

lived va VenezueU. He was tall and 
fair, and not unuKe SamuelPiza 
mappeaorancfi. OWtBbram.who 


^TKe Twins, €mil\j and flnita £mdo, 


tea ddttulTiter. fHl _ 

hcTXOiUTOfiaDle In pid, but sK^ couitniuci io 
SuftPtv vSoon ei mcoikI bdbu was boru.Liiuio: 
called m horviutd v^)iU/AH^t l^ihis?'^ 
Am Jan aiarrxdl to mve birm one aftfr 

jlvTvdo an th€ oniM iwifibjcccorxied 

in that (KmraVioTX o^ uitPiiia fam 

vlu. OX Tt(jdU.ho>v<t\)er. that o(^e 

oei^ratiou iarUcv Jo5Uua Ini/^.i 

5ccpnct \\}\k ditU at tt\e birtK 

or fWiivs. tVoWvn'j .are. Known 

tobaMeUtTv born \t>thi tamilq 

io ana o^ Hu toiittmporcMScrS 

ofSnuoaTulCmau, bui in 

Ineie are at Itdst Wo m 


Qiris, auU u'ur 

^noe?^ those bovn to 

Ob twm 


had no enemies, was sKot down la tke street, everu 
on€ said that h£ had been, mistaken for Samua, 
tKe Don Juan of tfie ftniilij , who had businiess 
connectioas — and coan£ctU)ns of otrier sorts 
-uiVenezitela. • " ° ° *"*^^ 

acob andBenvanida i-eniamedm^arcdo 
na for 0teen years, but in IStl the country 
\>as in sum a condition of pollUml un- 

."est tJiat it v»s dangerous to be on the 

streets on account of the revolutionists iaipin^s 
t^m persuaded her husband. for tKe sake of 
T cmldi'en.if not ft>r" Uiemselves, to leaue 
perdous countrij. Sine took ike children 
nrvMt her and sealed back to StTliomas^^tlit old 
home, where Jacob so^n joined thern.lW as 
theij were, they were made welcotne by thetem% 
The lovely orandckildrefi wer-e a <^reat joy to 
old J^nnan - CrandmaKTa", as sKe was called 
by me wfiole oomnnuiilij - duririo the twenty 
years that they lived thei^. €inuL| was a. born 
housewife . always dolno sometluTig tvelpfiLl JArufci, 
nev twin, was emrelij duferent inapt'earaTUt 
and character- she was aristocratic, rugfi-spirit- 
€d and .socially indined. CWitawaspretb, 
wvm delicate fcitures. aM soft brawn eyes; but 
her real beauty was def mltelu niarrm im the 
traces a sie^e of sn]alLpox,had left . Jidl^ 
dashuw and spricKiuj, the thircLin the cii- 
rect lint to lYiherit firandnu rlzas vervtand 
erierog.was that old lady's especial tkvorlte. 



cy^w^ «^.vw .^^ v,^ position j^. .^,. 

Pieeper-accouiitaTit to a Uroe bmiiu^ 
fihou&e. liitlie coii^regaUoiai life he 
WAS pTomimnt . ^ s an cKeUent Hebra- 
t . on oa:at>lon5 he was caUed LLpon to 
. ^^ V, .e prauers. (Oe find no evideiice oF hits 
havvaq an ofnclaL position until muck iaAsx) 
Just as had been the casein (kracao fifty 
ijcars earlier \^n Joshuariia had feft hiS pas- 
torate because he was given nofreedom. ; just 
asia ISff DCbses and^iudah had^rettod over 
trivial details of the ntual in St Thomas mm 
erthjeii hadmiorated for freedoms saHej so 
stUlmlsq dul. pettiness pei-sist. flLas.^cob's 
name appears inihe synagogue retons as a 
Protestant against ihelaxiry of th^minister, 
the Reverend p)r (Tatnan. ^'^ 

m^tfl. when he was forty-five ijears old, 
3^pb was stricken with faraly sis. Short- 
ly before, he had lomed the staff of 
_ his wealthii brother in lawwman 
uer, at a ealary better than he liad ever 

but was naturaUu no Tonoer to be couatSi 
upon as a breadwinner. However the &ons 
were grown orgrowingup. lODbrris wastverity 


JO iheScUTor cf^tihtce f/tMc^ 


5^r/to/»a% SMzyU/i. /iff 


o/ S///10//U5. (it,a7</c '^ Ji^\(^^tr/^ ^'^a/'^^ /i^jr/ict tc a. 

jouvidi>e, depencliny o/i) ^^/r/ari^/on 5 ^taterr?e/^/t, dec/or 
ed thxL f me J^z/t < cAarye ^s /?o/ cs/cu^i^ed. . 7s u^ a/^ 

beyond a/i(ineu?mro/ doiUtt, l^af ^e c/^ ^^H^ ^<^''^^ 
mumcutio/i (aulS^Q5), im/nediale/o. i^^r //it ir/er 
Joruh wco ntiirutd to l/ft //ic/za/,. //rtam/o/^ //^teedec/ 

CJorip jkrjCj^ladan> JJ^adi/^y/^i J^ 

not true. 

jj/cjorip _ . 

The id/idera^ned dec/are that in co/iMy^^e/nt c/ 
the o/m^io/i o/ ^t ^J/i^a^i //^u/ did /ict utd/id /A6 


. JtlfiomasMth/ebrii^/Ut 


M m u/idcr^i^^ifd //it/^dx /s K (oAfuucr^ o/the tdk^t^f named 
Cm7Bffdw/iJ>f^ te<we /o /^r/ny u/iffer^our /loticf mat//. <^^tm^e^^Jps 
15 i^/ofated pyihe^ 7hniifir^nyi/^^oa ^gu>( a// attt/dio/^ /^>^si/)^e to 
ourccm>M/it/M/iicA ru/fs/t/i/M pt ofcontt/ifi to t/^ a//0^ m^ UMterstaju( 
that tne^/tuii^/er ^sAMajd to/j/mtA o/? (^^ Jfe/^/^ ^ r/eti/dai/i iwtiicA 
he does not. Jdlu: m^^luiAu ts oMiitiedronstme/it/d t/it i$^/^^wue 
dacd H/hi/^ l^iiU6e t/?( mi/dster/iciM^ratta/^d &ierm. 5d/i/ //L'>tea(t c/ ttu 
jHuuskf/}eino£^/r^n/mthf6y/iitaoyu€ on oatuntayt^/i^ms ^/^//c^^/^/ 
mdiitif6 e/tdiMa asM oimt^mt/as 6/t(/fM/^m/^/^^//Kn^yot//^f 
CcmreqantS am/uti/f&tb/ti cottection c/ de/^sits atmeSaw/ys 
Boji/t Uurinf t/ieA^uro/J^ii^imt>u)yi(t, t^/m are de^injus e/jeeiny 
ituMo/^i/s^ cortiKted ((vu art^c/(.> o/ttfeS^e^a^i^5P/tper/y car/ved 
Odd, Hfetty/^ec^ut/^ /Yfuestyon /oo/t^tA/s /notttryoar jenous 

cojtiide/tition, ^ — "^ 

/jtf a eot/tJd/nui 


( ana officr? r 


Quarrels m ti)e ([ongtei^atioYi pcrsUt 


Pout anda partrver in Kls uunde'CoG) Ria's bus 
lYiess; 3o5Kua was IsweryUj-two iiul esiaWislied 
wim his uncle "Sam.pi,'. Ine pareixb never had to 
worry \whUe these boys were oettin^ on. so weU. 
in. Panama . Cmi.l\j. M avta ana CUrixa were mar- 
ried ; Cmity, the orUxjTof that proUdc bncdto 
produce no dffsprlTig to J saacIkLvalk (a brother 
of ner ftunti^cnees fiusbanm^llmtatoClias 
SKkduno, with, whom she 'weni to live iaT^ris - 
w nion was apprDpriate indeed, for had. d not al- 
wau5 been said that shehadtheairofa^^i^^/so!?/ 
rtncL Ctarita to Isaac HUaduro, of a faimly cjidte, 

" ' \nd from €lxas'5;^-^*^--* » . ^ 

dn the WDni^ichatteTidfidtne commeiice 
Trwtt of 1ne''?renck(anal"081^-i88£i), and 
wnidi lasted tVonids inception unlit 
^.^^ the work wa?> stopped by the fri§fit(al 
moriaUtu from yellow fever among the foreigners, 
tjieliirido's went tolivemT^nama liny and 
tnelr connections, witna (^enerAtion or two of 
tnopual life in their blood, seemed to be immum. 
from the ^gue COhilst theGuopearis died Uke 
fUes,a^ little malaria now andifea was the 
worst that me ^est Jnduns suifered. IheW- 
Kold ^^ow consisted of Jacob andBemanida, 
Kbrtis 1h£ vivacious uouno' Mjta. and)i| rnwa 
aged fifteen . 3>5hua hadmarriecL hts Hue eyed 
pi^m fetherlPixa.the Jrish beaiOijol the lamilu 
ui pi Thomas, and for more thanlen years had 
had his own home in rarumia . (tlarita andlbac 


were m,SaaJ>omiii§o at ihat tune, roorrb.easu-^^ 
and (jood natared , W3& reoinieda^ ast old bachelor 
and lecKnicalLij lii«d at hiome with his panente.. 
£verypne knew that he was the head oF a native 
outside famdi). jt was not uatil 5ome u^rb 
after his rnoihers death that ntrnarriedmaria- 
3^flojosa. .tne mother of his children m justifie. 
to Vfxeir noKts . ]n their \joutii flSorris andSosK . 
Wrtri onlij wo )jedrs difterenc^jthetr ages, woe 
separateli) ideniiFLecL as Xindo^. ancLuMo 
lirulor The ijear M was eventfaL: after a 
trip to £un)pe with her hi'other Sam , ^ilita 
retamed. to Tanama and TnarriecL Isidore 
iantoie. The same near ^LVdm<ta icoK Ikcxh, 
whose health was feiung, to 3amaitA for a trlpiKe 
died there on Wew^ears morning '85. ,.as^ 
etumino to ranama,tKe widow went to 
live wiui her dauohter Emilu . She and 
jfeaacBelvalte had adopted thetr niece 

'^ellf (daughter of iWfieL and SolomoR 
I)jelvalle).Benvaaida stayed with them until 
theu departed for Stlhomas, when the old laxiy 
made her home witti her daughter Ailita.Jt 
was a targe menaoe , and the size was constant 
uj being increased bij visits of nephews and 
crandsons from all over trie world . Uacob 
Triza whohad long been, a resident of (noUd 
5ent his sons down to the Jstlimus to U»k 
after hijr interests ^buTijH;uria<5 , a new §ea- 


eratioa. arrived f romHamWro. COise in 

J jept well post 

ed on topics o? me dau . and 30 mipyed read 
ing Ker newspaper tnat it was often difWt 
tDpersviadeKertocometomeab. Ornxvohea 
some matter of public interest whs beiruj 
dUojLSsed at breakfast Cthe i1 o'clock mean, 
ajul"3>em knew more apoid me suinect fc 
anyone else, JosKua aaid to ms molker, 

5omewKat slfeepticalh^ : , , ,1— ^'— -v n, , 

"DQamma, 3 can'i imagme wnexeyoa 
9at that from ' - ] readtriempers t®'. " 
1 ^ F fteveloped that ^fflamma" had read 
me rrencK sheet of the trilinQLtal IWma 
datlu. while the youngeT people had beeii 
satimed to pernse the Spanish andOiqlish 
mges. COe^must be impressed bytnis jor 
Ikavamda (and Judith) had \\ad almost no 
formal edujcation.and all their considerable 
accomp lishments were self acqub^.,.-^,ar^ 
^■Rhel^nalTamilies of €lnrope were al- 
^H9^^\)^ ^especial interest to her. and 
«»^^QjaeenVittoria,who was about' her 
age. she reganlal as a sister.BismaTk 
sRfe i^rticiilarly fiated .for throuoK Vum 
yxleswio -} had been taken fron\ 
pennjarK, whichBen^ considered herlathev- 
land I)ea3t-0ark she sneerln^lij called him. 


SKe was au ardent Zioni&t, aiul tKat Vk»s iom 
befcretde TTUA^emeTit becanfie popular. 5ne kept 
auge scrap books m wh-ica she paptEd clipping 
OTiall her mvortte topics . The whole])reimis 
case was there, also poems that appedLed to 
her. 3uroii vpith His zest ibr U^ was ner-fevor- 
ite , ana she vap foiui o? quoting Kim at lenglh 
^ a match Tnaker. srvewasjust asassid 
iious as her mother had been Shede- 
dared she would like to seethe boys 
jmar ru at eighteen and th£ girls ai 
sixteen. \\a letters to relatives abroad alwaus 
contained the wish that their clmdren would 
S(jDnftnd"worthu partners in Jsrael?-: v . ♦ >v 
nDecembeT 50,1901, the grand old lady 
was brought toherdeatn bij cancer 5he 
lacked bat one month to srttairi the 
eimi ftul decades her mother had 


3acoWnbBen\)aiu^al[ii\bo w\b 4eff Cbtoen . 











$polff . 












Hamco in tl)e 5tTt)0Ucas Couurc^uxiou . 

M۩ mosesl^f inna bp t^e Kidk of 
a I)orse on the SobiDotn iBop. 

Gtract from tl)e S^nayoquc iR\:covb: 

40 b 



i 1 

i I 





JudO-T^CZa marrUd. !Tli LlUlu/f/luiL 

MozcsTPi-xa inarri«d.i74} Soroh'PaLaciil 

1771-1850 lOSHU/^FlZ/lmarruA.J/^tiflNNAH^'/^SSO «ao-lMO 

1^04 - 1686 


momext tn 


- inarrUd. 

30HM Tcttos 

5pETrir^ IFlohence Josmw jSamueu HlflLTER Ieah 




Tn. nr>. m. 

BorixxTxi. Joseph. '\vw 









^1 /J/'^ ci/f// 


rruxrrUd. marr'uA. married. 

fflpLiTER ]RaDOliTHT5o»W5TAn }\itX TlY/^MS 


(Ti\'l/V5 ' 

i//^/i (i/>'/i 

^BoJ'bara borno. rVmnw '^«6t'- 

Gooulby 1}tmn. Tan^uaiiisoo^-^^'^^? 


TfLis Cfiart tutxiiL u) i«^j4. 


torn s)nofJ(shiia 

and XMITIaK arrived m 1 »24. after me. 
exodus from Curacao, his bouKood iri jt Jnoitas 
was a, lime of greater prospercuj for the faniLUj 
toi had been those earlier uears in thEMcn 
colony. CLJe have alreadu rd/ited inatwiea 
3acob and Kis brother Saarrmel were grown 
their mother ^vethemeach. athoi^nd doHans 
to start them in business. ?Ulnou§h the bsi of 
1ne hard earned money by shipwreck mine, n- 
swirling Chagres seernea a tragedy at the m^ 
Ineii made tnetr way veni suttessMu. After j^' 
the brothers bitter quarrel. Samuel cailed his^^ 

enterprlie, '&Lmuel Hia and Gompaay", and ^, 
3ocoD - or Geo, as he ^as invariably dabbed- y 
calle4 his. "Ptxa,Tt?a. There was noKza ^ 

wanted to make 

His was astern.*^ 

iinft)r§ivirm nature, which made him carry 
this quarrel, the cause of which has been ust 

cauecinis mere 
in it but himself.: he merely 
his ftrm the most Piia' of aUT 


receive Samueis son wnen as a lod 
ed Gioland. The bnjthers' children h< 
' !carrre the bfc^^f^frj 

e \WA5 el ftne-toDkiiiD mart wilk a stern, 
expression, atvd x soidterlu bearing. COkerv 
rie wa* readi) to marru . he dEclored Ke 
wed no \joimqUdu Whose opportunities 
had been tunited tothe COest Indies and 
Rmama . He would marry a Curopean girt , 
^iprul none bitt a beautij . His btisiness uderob 
]%aD\i Kuiriabroad frequentUj , and when ne met 
, TBendltai^scoli in Hamburg, Kc Knew k&kad 
: « found fu5 ideal \n this very uounaand nand- 
X, some Ctrl . J3ut Her parents, fnouofi paDr,\»ere 
/)iano nasteto marru off a mere cKild, especiaiij 
J^wvit ner older -and less attractive- sister 
j IBuenlxora remained unclaimed. Then tried 
to persuade Kacob. a rrian in his thirties, to 
take the elder sister instead. The suitor 
had made his choice and reftised fo swerve. 
"However tKe ft«n\ly was equaltu deJernaned 
" t Bendita should not marry untUBuen- 

a was off their Kands. The result was 
..^t-Jaicob occupied himself truing to ^nd. 
a mate for the older one . The storu is tnat 
he hod to wait seven iiears for his bride, 
• Juke his namesake iatne Bible. This tale 

' [ cannot be credited "mou^h. asl3^endlta was 
onU^ about eiohteen years old when, tneu did 
\ jmayryinista She hod a well to do anae 
iJ by the name of Jaflc who offered a modest 
rvj dowry, but Jacob would not aUow his bfuk 

^^to accept It , &#.Jt*Tv^»w ^Kjj'stv* -•-»i5><o-rtirrs3^ 



„._ wedding, he brouLktriis statu- _ 

esqueUue-eued spoipeto Parmma. 
. jSne chamiecnhEm all . Lard. Ihene- 
^ ^'oroes cried, Or Cxo sure did. brindnorne 
a doll: " But aulte evidfiullu me ciimatE did 
not a^ee wl^ W for tKree times she started 
on the road to momerhood and mree limes she 
lost her child. LeavlnQhlsPananxa oPTairs 
m w hands oF his nepliew CTbrns Lindo. 
Jacob, whose interests were lo-rgelij abroad, 
u»K his wife to Oanchester.Cn^nd; o-ud 
there meu made their home for many years. 
CvidentluT:hc dimate -or the stars -were favor 
aUe, for Dcndita became the mother oP eleven 
duldren in rapid succession . Later, when 
they lived vn London, they had two moYB. ^c^ 

PcrKa:p5 \t was whxle. Geo was rtewto Gvg- 
la-nd, arui me con^uistcLcCor attitude, 
of me G)est irtduES still clund io him, 
that Ke was hailed into court ibr 
strlkino an impertinent servant girl He 
cheerUiiLy paid tue fine of a pound, and said 
itwas worth it. jig^^i irsssi 

he head of Pua iLxa madeiheqiient ' 
trips acjToss. the ocean to keep hij eye 
on his thrivino business . Once ne \ 
stopped df at Si Thomas Id see Kls old 

motl^r. Jt was so long since he had beenthere 
that hewasnotgenemlhj reco^niied.thoug'' 

everypne commented oniKe Ukeness of the yistU 
to uk Sampl'' He y as not as )ianxlsoni£ as his 

(^cob nJadd laroe face aad a (eomTi£ hfiad, of sKaq^ 
gy greij hair. COhea rus eldest son ooshua 
was seventeen, he brougat Kim out froTn 619 
land to learn me business. A uear or 50 later 
he sent over Kis second son. Jimuel . Tnls 
proved most' unfortunate, fbr samtne boy 
atall and handsome ijoutK was "taken ill vi>mi 
uellovv fever and died . Jacob was very bitter 
and mt that his son had not received proper 
care, and said so m no weak terms. The next 
i)ear he hmuffAt oat his son VJdlter to train him 
into the business. This une was stricken down 
before his very eues with, the same dread dis 
ease; and he could not say that the lad didnct 
nave the best of care. ?rr^i=j£i^ v;>»£i>^ -r c-^. r^ir; 
t was inT^nama that Coco himself died in 1886 

Eirs later. (Jhile strollind uithe street he ' 
pped to -plaij with a aula, when he was 
^_ prostrated by a heart attack . Ke was carried 
mto the nearest store and fiis son Jossy was 
-^ sent for. The youno man arrived just as his fetker 
:>i was eiptrino. JaoobpLxa'sufe presents a picture 
I' of shibporn aemness, but also of strict integrity 
"^ili ^^^^ \\>it<^. to bean old ladu , always hand 

A c^ 1^ some, and with a bearing as soldierlii a5 
\^'' her husbands. She wajrveru mudkme 
jnUerof her lar^e family, m but two o? ihenine 

dauoKter-s married Ariita to3oh.afr&.iuls,Bettiad ^ ,' 
to >fe.rry Cano. Leah to CiOaLteK^briel 1i{\i\k to I 

JTuams. rlorerice.tfie tluru dauqhter became anu 
ana later ihe martrondf a hospital . AFter years of 
hani work and sacrifice she Ixad retired, whea 
the Great (Jar broke out . and she yoluateered ftn- 
service Again. She worked so uatirirugly and eP- 
fectivelu tfiat she twice received l^ualTJecora- 
tions. Kbbeiie, n£:j(t to the ijouagest, M hand 
some and vivid ,wa5 the otrier daughter who 
did not marrij. She became a milLtarLt sufPragette 
in the days or Ors'fenkhurst. The vote gained, 
she devored her splendid energies to the stuxlu 
of horticulture and practitea Her proPession 
in Gi^larid audi in Pfeilestine . TKe eldest son 
{Joshua Mio had been brought to T^nama in 
his youth .devoted his life to the business and 
iprancKed ou.t into many new enterprises - 
Tjearl- fisheries , cattle ranches, and the ^tab- 
iishment and maintenance of an eljectric libfit 
.and power plant. He has not marned. Paniet, 
the onlu other son to ^rowto full manhood was 
killed irt the COorldCOar. Tour of Jacob's grand 
sons gave their Uves in the same cause. 







4-6 b. 

tv^ p7£S VlXA mlU > '^RA PAl ACHt 

)na - j-bso 




Srfino fCfWLR 





AiyfiffiiA nARGCT nmHRV 

J^S^ o^pen- sdhincvder 

"OeHcmibCYits of Jo,4»uuPi^a5SiKtWl)ilb 


InferesmiOrf _^ 

was »^l*\u€L . He had ooxi iSoks.cRcimi 
andapuity. combined mth a positive Qemus 
formakiuofiaends. Ijlws iijat were rfuadj^ 
^or others did not ?)eemto be mearii for nitn: 
broKe metn.ajid was forgiven becaiise 

ampi it >was who started the bu^siness 
that at one time or another took in 
, most of the youno men of the family; 
Sampi who Had me enijerpdse. to 
branch, out fromTknama toOaricaibc, 
barcelona. SaaJose, Alajuela.Tkris andllfew 
Tork; §ampi who, hailed as a conqaorer 
when he remrned to 5t Ihomas on visits , 
nnerrin^^ selected the blithest oF the moutw 
lads, and took awaij ^om the decaijingtown 
to send as his lieutenents on his scattered 
commercial ventures. ^ ^ 

K orn on Oaij 1. 1827, he was Ihe fourth 
^J chUd of Hannah and the sixth of 

Joshua, two-and-a half years the 
■ , ju-mor of his brother Jacob, He 
vya5 much more the fme Qentleman tfian 
Coco. He enioijed and cultivated ffie arts 


Once assi\joungmanm St'^komas.wkile 
Nwalklng In me mconli^at , be a beau.- 
tiruX female voice singing 5lorvoiAslij.}{c 
halted vn front of t^c mansion of the weaWjn 
Plorn)nes, and Listened entranced. cKe gar- 
den gate was locKed. e>o $anvpi scaled the 
bigK wall that surrounded the residence- 
one of the finest in SI Thomas -and soon 
found himself in tbe midst of a party tijat 
was beingi otyen for V)t fourteen year old 
ndelina'Pam who d/anced to Ipe passing 
through wvti) n^^r father. J^ 

ijerever Jamuel went he was popular 
Hanama was bis heacUiuarters for 
years after \)e left 5t Cnomas at ib^ 

aoe of twenty-two. Z\)t natives, some 

of aristocratic old Spanish iamxlies, Hked 
and welcomed him. Tie fell deeply in love 
witb one t\malvi JUidi, but the tnou^t of a 
Tnarriage into tbisGithoiic^milij so borrl- 
fied all ibelPizas, that he put it aside once 
and for ad Q)t charm or the lovely /Imalta 
was too strong to he TEsisted, and he formed 
a connection witp \}er ,t[)at resulted m the 
birtb of a son Benjamin in i%X andoffllberto 
a cpujple of years later Hiis is the matter to 
which Nve refer when we sag that laws were 
made for others, and not forSamufil ^very 
one knevo of his love-affair, yet everyone 
•accepted tf^e situation. lAe was as popular 


as before , and ^malva and live cb\M.reTv , 
if^ougb wxA. puJ?lic/2/ recooTUsed , were firequenl 
visitors at ibe |?ome8 oTnis sisters, wl^o were 
very foiid. or '^ aracePul, Qentle faum-eued 
creature, whose TT\od£st aemeaTvor, and ^ilfi 
fulness tb tlielr brother. >were never questioh 

ed. . . « /r I 

ais was the situation- v^l)en.SanfiiieL 
weat back to^t^omas on one of 
I pis business trips. She hero was 
,^^j^^ pome, and there was general rejoic- 
irwrXne affeir of iBmaLia was known.otcoujse 
bui1j?e family, al^souitelij accustomed tothc 
casual armours of the \ivtw. In the tropics , 
refused to believe this one oFanij umisual 
importance, jf they could onli) get him to 

marru some fi,nelevk>ish Qirl l?e would s^oa 
forgertheSpanisF} woman. t)e was reganl- 
ed-ds aoreat catch- financialtu successPu-l, 
pl;ijsical4J attractive, ando?aftiscinating 
pcrsonalitij - there was not a ^oun^ Jady 
who would not be proud to marry him. 
G)heTv he WAS about to set out onKis 
traveU agavn^ h^ was requested by hi"b 
mon).er to look out for an eligiible rjusbaTid 
for his niecefVachel Ptxa, second dauj^ter 
of inoses and Kebecca. She was iwentii- 
tvree years old and fairli) attractive, \m. 
suitaple mates were not easilij found in 
that little island, wbkl) allli^proiTiisuit^ 


jjoxmomen. deserted, as sooaastbeij foitndan, 
oppoTTunvtui , 5o jpSaTTipi , w^)o in i;is va.TLOus 
enteiprlscs tame la coniact witb mAny sat- 
Cessml men., was §i.vei\.|^ad)cL'5 picture to 
s^ow 'that spe was pleasant to. look iLpOTi.jie 
couuL himself report oa \)zy pious anettioa- 

he plan would doubtless Qave worKed 
pad not ftamuel discovered iiLst 
More be sailed I hat Rachel \was 
In love mi\) him . CBe^T ^^ mind 
il^at uncle- and- niece marriages were, not 
fmwaed upon pi) sijaaqooLie or societu). 
he discovered m a book left carelessliJ 
about, a letter w^ic^ e>\;e bad written oiU.x) 
for per own spiritual relief, put wbid; sfee 
l;ad failed to destroij. Jt was addressed to 
f^yl^overUndje" ^j[\ji. showed t^ather wl^ole 
heart and mind were devoted toftamuel. 
J)e was soft hearted, andemotioaal: he oould 
Tiot bear to be unkind to anyone, ^h^ loved 
bim! "(^h^ family, particularly \)\s> sisters 
Ceah and 1\ehecca, urged arul encouraged 
htm, already thirty five years old,toen-ter 
into a respectable married. UPe with tnis 
eminently siutable yonno woman of the 
^me religious and social stock as bimself 
6hei) became eaqagcd ^ust before he sailed. 
_J1 e suffered, pan^s of rernor^e^but be- 
~^ in^ a man of \i\ib wonl , would not tn^ 


Xhe engagement, tl^ougl) Ijis sister ^clyij, with. a 
deeper umler5tajuluu| tljan, ^ others o? bis 
attacbmeni for ^imalia". advised bnu to do 50. 
"Sqc rest cH V)t family was sum it was for the 
Wpiness of all concerned. })e n\anied|M)cl 
in mi mVf) ti;ecU?arund£r5tandinotndt e»Qe 
must receive bi5 sonsBenja aad^lperto, 
wnom b^ii^d legaLlu acknowLedoedla tbe 
courts of Panama. ^nd w^m prxmiised Ij) 
break o ff relations Witl^fBrnaliaDiaz. 

I)eu both misjudged tl^ir stren^h- 
GpepitifLd^mtfeTyiew the man. pad 
witj^ tis feitfal Tfiistress wi)^ he told 
^^^^^^ her l^e situation resuLted m the total 
breakdown of afl bi^ virtuous resolutions. 
J\notber cl/ild, Julio, was born to tfcem alx)ut 
the same time tb^t bis» wife gave birtb to their 

=^~\aoT littte^nnie was a cripple from Dirih. 
and a thorn in the Flesh of her fether, vAo 
loved beauti) and grace above everylhin(^. 
___l^he balance of happiness must have 
weighed bcavily onihe side o?»ampi6 out- 
side menace . with his thtce 30ns and "me 
laithdil ^maiia But m \%CS a fine 5on , 
Jbsl^uaSamvtcl, arrived +0 comfortRichel 
and 11x1^6^, vohiVe the (amilij was sojourn- 
ing for a wKile in x)ajubur§, a little Uack- 
eued daugkter,1^cbeecaHosalie was born. 
vHij little guava-berrij" ber rati^eraftectlonatelij 


called h^r. „ 

^"Tamuet's interests were as madi ia^op? 

- i ! as in the CfewCJorld . \)t speat a. ^reat 
i deal of his time abroad attetidLriQ to Kts 
_. affairs. So wV"^ in\'6lx tl^edouRc do 
mestic sitoation became acute, be erdrusted 
lama business to tl)e care of hi^ nepWs 
_ ._., indo and Josnyiza , and toDk^acbel 
and the cnitdren. over to Pans to live, mis 
wouuL ^ureli| nave cleared up a quite impos- 
sible tannic ," only un PortunateLu , be abo 
broiigixt alono the othei" womans djildren 
to be educated. So 1R,dcl7eltbaj were most 
imwelcome, and she mad£ no effort to hide per 
venj natural feellnos. Sb^ dulTiot now con- 
sidjer iTerself poutuI bij her agreement to 
receive them, : for h^d not Sdcni quite f la '- 
grantly repudiated, pis ^Ide. of the bargain; 
w^en he (kued to give up their nrto-rt)er I He 
prided hi^^self on tnEatLnoalL bis children 
impartlallu ; but to poorT^cheL thislaiTness 
seemed most unfair, che best medical care 
and unstinted, means >were devoted, iotne 
alleviation of Minnies condition- later sl)e 
was sent to (Yew York for treatment, and she 
was Ppr some \jear5 a member pPifieMl:?as 
poiLschjold, ovd she alwaijs remauiecl a cripple . 

*^ Kvle 'tf?eS amijuetPiza^ >were living 
l^in^ris, sind traveling aboiut 
6u.rope, ihey discovered' a f^llu 


of ft2asmJLoTuU)n.5fie father tbel^^ 
endPavid Piza wa^ hdOAii of tte Jd 
ncvis Harks "Synaoo^e . and the son 
liulal7 was secn&tan|.xf?eQivea names of 
tl)i$ faTTiilij repeated the names of old3osbua 

Ptia s cbildTCTi 
couLdLTiot quite 
first names 
tbeij rcgarxlcd 
and staij >wi1h 
for notking de 



trace n?eLr re- 






used to come 




more ibanto play fa\ru godfather to those [ess 
f ortuTvate than bvmseLv. CJb^a theT^rts famlLy 
vvsvted i,ondoR. tbeij eajoijedtbe lavish hos 
mtatitij o? the hoardiTig house that C)r5|a\n3 
Tiia ran . ^ougK theuwere not m §(©d circxmir 
stances these JLondonnxas bore the marks 
of aristocratic hreexLuu^: indeed the sonJudah 
was ?requentLi) raistaKen for?\lbert Edward. 
Prince oF\s)dle5. ^rsftza presided like 
a duchesb over a platter of beautifullij fried 
5ole-CGDKed bij herself- aiut ijiemost distin- 
giasbed Jew5, sncl} as 5ir 01osesJ?lonti(iore 
andSvr Samuel Sassoon would stai^ at 
tbeir house for the hoUdaijs to be near the 

^fJll^^n 1?^]8^achelpa\davmt to ^fewVork 
wvli) her children. Jossij celebrated 
bis thirteenth birthdaij thei^anda 
fine affair was given at ^eir home 

op Gast ^Kir ti) - thinl Street to do Konor to 
his hrmitsvoA. l)is father came onto be 
wilJ) them Por the occasion. Cheij returuejd 
tol^rU some months later, but m a fewijeats 
l^chel and the children settled in NewYork 
forqood. \)fx brother]§)avid andivvo of 
ker three sisters were living there .Srje 
boU(^Vit a house on COest To rtijFifti; Street 
and took ijT^ two anruavrted si^tei^^Buea 
ventda and l)anTiah to live with 1l)em. 
rlorenceluido.whcvse parents did not 



cometoTlew^Tk until \%'i5, joined the 
nousenoVd for a time, -and that was the 
beoinning of an admiration between her 
and Jossy that resulted inthjeir marriage 
uears later. Including the servants ana 
tOrs.Kingsleij, "Annies kind attendant, 
theu vi)ere a laroc and feminine household. 
On ihe buffalo- norn hatrack in the hall 
ai sUk hat (seldom dusted) was Kept to 
snow the sneak , who might enter vuiih hm^ 
fill intent, that ihey were not withovd mas 
cuUne protechon . oKcy lived well: Rosalie 
wcntlofuiismng schox, andJossij.aPber 
he bad finished his educahbn abroad, Wt 
horses, tioth these i^itn^ ipeople adonsa 
their tiandsome father, vwose charm and 
generosity were realized dlj them as theij 
w^ bi| siranoers. ><$5;^.i:?e«.:;^;j§^;^^^;^;^^ 
amuel continued to travel about a 
qreat deal, l:)e voas likely to appear 
at ami moment m Panama, 
CosiiiTuca, Hamburger London. 
Jntsu he was in SanRancisco, 
and he escorted his niece'^annah 
l)elvaUe,%Jiie5 dauohter, to her first ball, 
l)e made himself thorou6hlu athome in 
an^ house that he gracetf wah his present 
Once while visiting acquaiRtarices.h€chdTu:- 
edto sit on a chair tiiat creaked oiuinou^. 
tij under him. Now Sam had kept his 


itouthtul skuderaess, and U^ did TU)t like 
that sound ; so \}sl UvWed, at Ok diair. in ^ 
racier a liurt manner. Gaen rie examined 
the workmanship and found it 6trori§. J [[ ^ 
fb^vt !" he tried, just .^t me some sweet oil." 

OeluLiicated theiarrino fjarts, and the chair 
wae» fliereduer decentlvr5uent. t)ow bis 

hosts eujoijed the easy triendtiaess of tKis 
traveled man ot the world who was their 
guest ! ^nd he olwaijs seemed to be eajoij 
m§ fjVm^eif so much, ^ch of his nieces 
knewmatshe could count on her QeneTX)us 
uncle 4br a checK of five hundred dollars 
when she married v-^—^--;. -v > ^ 
e dved. o\ heart disease ux the i^r 
'^ wKen hfewas fiftij evoht. he pro- 
vided for Benja and Sulio in hii 
will by leaving them IheG^staRica 
business and the coffee plantation, ftlberto 
had dved when only sixteen. '?^malia,ioo, 
had predeceased him\j many 
years. ^\e residue of his fortune went 
to Ki5 wife and children. :;^?S5s; /^c/z^^rs?^ 
n \'6%, oreatly to the deUoht of ber 
PJ.0U5 mother Kpsalie niarriea 
the Tieverend 1). Hereira Oendes, 
..mimster of the Spanish andUrtu 
QESe G^nqreQation in tVewVorU, and 
a descenoanl of one of the oldest fami 
lies of DepKanttcJews-JosKua married 




ms cousin jFLoren-CJcKJiTido in 1%^^. 

seven i^ears later 





HAll-1 PlZA 


ma ->»yo 

l»oo - l«»o 


i»a.<^- iqoi 

ino(\kT2. m SOPH It RFIMtR^j 





EVEL>(N m Htt».nhWW0LFF 



i/escenbonts oijosbuamas Seventl)Cl)ilb 



rie of tw more 

succe^f al of the 

uounoer business rnenof^Chomoi 
wasJ^rmanKeuer who bad come 
there trom t)ambuTQ and voas prommeutos 
aa Importer. A prosiJerous bacnelor o\ \wen- 
tij-seyen, he was considered by iiioiiiers a 
particularlx^ de&lrable calcVi for their daugh 

annahPiza wasasusuaL busij la Ker 
store OTie morning.wherLa woinaiL 
friend came in _ possibUj io buij some- 
thino but surelu to gossip ^he talk 
ran ond bat ttiat hadlaken place the aioKt 
before. Ghe ladu simpered and laoKed mxjsieri 
Otis, but finaLlij confessed that COr THei^er had 
been so attentive to her dauotiter at the atfair 
that she was sure they were eaQaged . Oi coune 
the hopedil mother was m h'gh ^ee. l)aviuQ 
totd her story, she bustled out to spread U 
further, f^^rwwymmamammmmmmammmm 
he next, visitor to the shop wasrferman 
l^yer himself, olie successful youno 
merchant was a good friend of the 
eneroetic shopkeeper, and was in 
lilt habit of droppinq ui frequently to dwt 
with her. ^hey talked of this and tnat - of ships 


due and reports cH hurricane, oS news oj the 
war between Oexico andxheUmtedbtates. 
then oannat) told Kini ot tVie ruutor she 
had. Keard of hxf eugagemertt ; and she 
^isKed if she mioat conoratulatE hitn. che 
uoujiQUambargerb face was a sttidij: 
'XU.T^.Pixa', he saVdmrnestly "whenl am 
ep^ed uoii will bethe Erst to kriovu it I " 
t was onlij a short tirae after that 
\ he proposed to SAwVT^ yW\ , iall 
iTui pretty \)t had ?>eeii her ilrst at 
uple p? i^ears before at the jueddinqr 
,_.- i\i friend flacklJLTido lo her sistelr 
IJeuvaidda. (i*ver since tiiat eveaiaq he had 
been attracted to Sarah, but he Was a deUl^ 
erate chap and just then very much occutied 
in making a success of his business; beuks 
^arah was uounq. ^he acceptedi^erman. 
A little difficulty was ei^perienced with old 
i^Kna, the ex minister . hx he did not feel 
mat an\j ^descp-\\o matter how wtaltiiu- 
was OGDd euouoh tor his daiujliter of mdud 
5pams(), (or was it Tbrtugesey blaxl^nah 
always -treated her Jiusbai ul Klndu\: indeed 
manjj people openlu criticized her for fiitinof 
out tliedeperident old man Inlne neat HacK 
satin V»nee breeches, sdk stockiaos and 
silver buckles tiiat he loved. t)owever, when 
it came to really practical matters- such 
a.s ajiadvaidagtoiis nuiri'ia(^ei-c)rtharch.ild. 


sKe did not allow hts aristocraiic Ideals, o? 
fdmUu to sUnd uitKe way. COe find this 
record in tKeiiynago^ue arcKives: 

Mie friLit of tius marriage was two cKUdrea, 
tvelya and n^orit-^ , both, bora in bt "Choma^. 
Duthetime tKebou was seyen Herman Had 
done so well in ais affairs that, he decided 

Curia, who Kad lo^io beeava ais em ploy. Jn 
1)ambarg heestablisaedthe riou^efiola la 

arah responded to her dionifted position. 
She kept a handsome \yell run aou5e 

and was extremeli) aristocratic inner 
Tnaaner. She required her e^rvantsto 
address her as if she were l^oijaltij \(\Az^6., 
to Hoijaltu itself she granted no 5Uperiori'h| : 
for oac€ u happeaed that her icimilu, was , 
laklTi^ a holiday at mrmoat.a fashionable 
resort, and as was then ciistom.thevj had 
me ftacst suite ihat the h,oteL prowided.'^he 
prxrprietor came to her indbtres?*, for he had 
jusi received word that thefVinces5op(t)cid£ck 


ms arriving. })t huniUi) Ww& ^tg/i2dife 
frdii lotake some other quite §ooclTX»m5 that, 
he would.prepare .6o tnat \\S- raitiKt q w e of his 


mern as Jews aiicL 1)erraan cGud not od- 
, vcjrti&e Kis atitecedents. But 5&axab, 
>vao had been strict In bmuoht up in 
reliqlous observance , was sorely troabled. 
She%aw the prejudice with which )cw3 were 
oenerallu reoarded in Germanij - she could 
not herselF neLp feeling It toward those Loud 
people who she saw were the cause of this 5a)rfl. 
Sie was torn between race loyaltij andsbdal 
'de. and In the conflict between these emo 
Rs sVi£ bec^e decldedLu neurotic .}jer 
itlves In 5t chonias fdt that she was putti^ 

ojialr^. '^hevj criticised Ker motiyes 0)hen 
s' >€ tiindlu offered to ta Ue one op xat chlldreii 
or her sister l3envanida,Cp<5)r as ihe proverbi 
at church Tnaouse) to Live with her aiidedu 
cate, the Intimated, tyiat she aTul'Uncbc 
OeijeT" selected Mred because hlsnanrie . 
nadno i>ebralc association, as did 'Joshua* 
or ^muel! COhatever the cause, it was 
Attred lindo who lived In Ker hoiisehold 
horn the time he was seven until he was 

^ 62 

K.e daugKterEvetvjn^and 
iKe sort fFioritx, were luiusu 
allu Kandsome caUdreiv 
aoia their parents took a 
consumino pride inihem. 
Evu became a great belle , 
fierfair beautij, 5uppliment- 

ed buintellioence and anima 
^ ted wat madr her the nvacK 

souqht comparilon of Graf 5 aM 
'^rotis. T^T that daxj and age 
she was quite darino, too . her arm beino 
extravagantt^ admlrea by one of her beaia, 
she responded with , 'J\h, bat in&iis /ip^in^ 
compared to m u leg ! ' . 
" iS^er 3ewisa origin wais never suspec- 
|ted. ;But the beauti^ was so sure 
Vof herself that on on 

one occasion sht 
__^ ^ boasted to her noble companLon of 
Jer antecedants. So confident was shelnai 
nermaonetCc personatity could sweep 
ande all prejudice, fllas- she did not real- 
ixe the depth ot this prejudice at the next 
pall she was ueoLected, positiveltj deserted. 
Graduallu me oMracism wore ofr but she 
never again attempted to exercise her prood 
emnq Influence on the bioot.i^- ^ - - 
^oritx was equallu popular andstru- 
lugti^ §(0d IcDkino. Li is said that when 
e, an aristocratic plond^ and his dark 


roTmnllc laokinQ cousin lulvus 5asso walW 
down me Alskrstrasse together, taere w^s 
a oerieral cvamuo of riecks among the ladies 

^ . , jponsidfirin^ all Evijs gentile assotia 
tions) tne son of orthodox Jewish pareTits, 

to move m // 
Bvys pppu- //^ 
endured, i 

did nor 
vvrale she 
19 as she drove 
crattjc friends, 


a feraous pK^itian. 
TKeu contvnnai 
^ 5(Jtiety,anxl 
tl woman iu 
I 'cut' Ker coTi- 
of Epical 
/explain tnem. 
.aodded casual 
,„py with herarisii> 
CTamtrienas, saumo, That Is nrq tailor" 
or Just mu dressma<er: ^\. .\. . y 
^^ oritz ftlrui love wlta a Jewish qi 
5he rejected, him. Jtis said' 
tKen became embittered ogai 
race . fit anu rate, he later completetu 
^st Kls heart to SophieReimers.aQmj- 
tian girl or §reat beaaxy . }fer mother, ukeKb, 


was troin 5r TKomas. ,^%opK'i£s fallier rtooroas 
lu opposed Ihe match oil account or Ihe sutiDrs 
JSenuncorioiTv; but tlit oirlacU)rred\'>>»"»t^,a»wl 
answered hir lathers bigotrij with the diateuot 
that, she believed 5hebeaeved she herself had 
Jewish blaxl, aslhename of her motjierj? 
father. a^Dane, v^as Goldmana- tupicalLij 
Mebralc. Cheu married, and this is. tae 
first recorded Instance otanu of thefiza 
descendants marriano out of tne faith. Jt 
caused much hardieennq mV^rltz's less 
immediate fdmili|. Sltui that time inter- 

marrlaqe has occured with increasinoffre- 
"'"ncir -ny '?t;^ vt^ ^'t'^ 
vijUollfs only son Sidney orevv) up 
andstujlled medicine, ftf twentu- 
st^n he was ^readu established 
at the unlversituas a pnrfessor.aiut 

.hlqhlu esteemed . Oien the relatives 

across the mlantlc were ^hocKed to leara 
that not only was he to marru a Christian 
qlrl mm in the social scale- the dauohtti* 
wth^iunoomaster ol Strassburo- but 
also mat pefore ikt weddlno he was himsdf 
to be bdbtlsed . COKen the tjouno pnofesor 
died onlu four months after his marrlaoe, 
of course these pious relatives recoqnii 
ed it as d punishment from OnHiqh . 
especiallu as it was rumored that ot the 
root of his Illness lay a poisonous oyster. 


emo loneUj after tKc marriage of iKeir 
chiKLrerv^araK and jHerman soiioKt 
to take another of her vjoano relaiives 
to live with them: theij. Invited Jlelia 

iValljE .the daughter op Sarahs iioauQest^is- 

tier^chie. Thecarents.t&irful of me gentile 
influence, would not hear of it. However the 
njeuers tore no lUwiU on account of the refUsal 
OT tnelr ofrer, for when members of thatfemim 
were In >\ambuin9. thei^ received them Nwann 
lij. attractive ijouno Hannah -nextafterjklia 
inthelist of the thirteen Belvalle childrea- 
vwLS deliohted vvrieu her wealtKij auat and 
uncle oRiered her a dress made to order bij 
one o£tl\e most fashionable dressmakers. 
ButtneFiza laTniU cotdd not refrain frpm 
a sW laugh at the "iGerman closeness' which 
maae it a matter of -principle hr richltnclc 
Mieyer to insist that the modiste shade 
down the bill after the oown was delivered, 
he last years of Sarahs unresourceM 
\ life were rather sad and lonely .1)er 
mind was not deep, nor ker inter- 
ests varied. CJhen (Ffeuer died at 
tneaoeof seventij-fLve in I8c\5; she 
continued living aLone in the bio house 
that was almost a casue. overloojKinq toe 
7\lster. 3ntT)is establishment sbe inhabit 
ed ontu one room, "her areatest enjoijmeut 
todisTuiss for the dauber personal maid 


1^ 0^ 

and to cook on a little stove for herself, dishes 
that retailed her ijoutKin. &t TViQmas.^lte 
toaldno lonqer glory vn €velnR'3 triumpK^ as 
a Tcionin§ beautu , for with the passage ot time 
Ker famous charms had dimmed. It Is saidtKat 
Her heart broke when Ernest Luna, her cousin 
brouoKt out from Venezuela j^nitade^La, 
his Preathta Kindly lovelij bride. Sherplizfid 
that a new c^xxstn had come to reign la her 
realm, and un,willin<D to take second place, 
Cvu went into retirement. 5h.e neyer foraave 
HerdauoKterin Uwfor remarrijin^ after 
four ijear^ of widowhcsod . StwaK outlived her 
husband by twelve years 1)er sisterJlehecca 
dtso resided in Ijamburg, and she and herfem,- 
ilu were amonu her very Pew visitors. How 
different were these two sisters , the elder, 
sociallij ambitious, vain and self-centered; 
theuoun^era worker, unselF- 

ish, devoted: ^^' ^^ bothhowever 

handsome / fej^v^ anddioai 

hedjnnox / W^ ^ \ aPterSueor 
oftm-ible rf ^ <s \^ suffering 

from inter ; ^ jl . nat canwr, 






HAin P/ZA 



Joshua Pizg ^ij/i^bcmnal) Sosso 

nii tijjc^ 

l«oo - |&»o 


Oct. IX '^ 



J Ot^'DAWftut 

S>(I6U ^ "AV 

^ ?' I' '^1 I 

3 I, §1 ^ ^ 

itti i»a I*'* 



31AIIUI QjfWP fM1U.\i 



t « I 


tn «1. »n 

. 1 

I I 

CW% r«THiB /wiuor, uo«»fio p<n. mi 

^•i6t». ''■«•«<,'."»■. P«**« 

•a. _"?«'*.*_ 


Descendants of Jc6l)ualvza5 




.IP A- H«i*ii<(*; _.fci.ok(»i 


HOW TEfiokE 




a-*p wxrstffligr 

<Si!^H* QU\ 

68 L 

^row[ Ike time 

_, , £ MTTEOe 

of Soshvia ATidmnnah ini^iflu 

twentij- one years lata; there was seldom 
an interval of morelhan two \jears of iheir 
iKevr lives that was not panduated bu ihe 
birth of a baby, their sixth child,€SCJ^ 
arrived )ust two years and one week after 
her ^isterSarah. ^ . * * ^ 
J^\ ikeihe rest of tkepiza girU, she grew 
■^ to be tall and handsome, bat Uithat 
li ^^^^^\J ^ vivacions noung women, ^he 
It^as notable for her catm.even.undemoTi 
strative temperament, fis she matured ^Ke 
hadmann admirers, aivd^as had beenthe case 
with Judiih.most were among theGiristian «fc 
Shere was an, attractive Cuban captain, but 
because of their different faiths. sKeBent him 
on his way. Chere was alsoapanish offiter. 

&onderbeTg,-and he declared himselF aston- 
ished that she could be so narrow as _fe re- 
fuse him OTL account oP his reunion. Esthers 
oqdI well behaved heart never led her to do 


amitKinQ "that Ker sensible, clear-tKmkmq 
hcKd dia not axivise. l)er parents never telt any 
cause to worrij on Wer account And she was 
not wvltvout charm for Ker own eet: y<nAng 
g> x)lon\on iOodaro, a \|outK about tier ownag£ 
wa5 dest)eratel\^ in love with her, but he dul nd: 
especiallu appeal to her. h •<• -v /<%- ,-^ 
nne eyeaino. about two years after old Joshuas 
death, ttie famUu satartable ftnishm^ the 
eveningmeal. 'Die widow, In her black 
^ J lac£ cap, presided at the head; wKileat 
„.c foot sat Ker son ^^cob home on one of his 
occasional visits from Panama. Along the 
sides Of the board -wKicn tiadfbrmerli} stretch 

4 onlu 

„ ....... r the 

Ltee eldest dauohters were married and 
.^ their own homes, while 2)amuel was now. 
as almost dlwa\is,awaij on business. l)owever 
those present formed an eaqer audience for 
whatever tfie eldest son of the hoase might 
san. between bites o? a iuicu manqo he was 
retatinQme events of tn£ day \\t nientioned 
1hatpn£JBelisario,apaTticaIaruj reserved 
^-uolish oentlemau had colled on him at Kts 
ofKce amrsurprisediacob bij his cordlalitu 
and. the ^rnest request thaT; he visit him 
Coco had been so tiKen aback bu% \meyL- 
pecbedness or the mvitaktlon thathe had almost 


fprofottenKis TTianners and failed to reWn Kun 
tne compliment. But We had run aften^Usario 
to invite Kim to call at tfie Piia Kouseaold . ► . 
cartel^ had he fiLnished repeatirio tne inci- 
dent, and listened to the wondenno com 
meats of his mother and sisters mai 
a man known to be socoldlu distant as 
t English Sdlesnvaa shoald Have souoki 
aiTivout, when there was arinoat rfiedoonbetf 
and there stood IjcnrijJ'^endespelisario. lie 
nadfbllowed close on tke Keeb oF the enforcid 
Invitation. "^!^n^'«^>v-^'»«'-'^sT^''^^'*f=^if*' "«*_s^^ 
erkaps fsther was not as surprised as1he 
o1hers^>were. for at synagogue me prKedino 
sabbath, seated between her sisterslkidim 
and ^arah. Esther had felt the eyes of 
this slran^r focassed on her all throuoktKe 
^rvice. i)er embarassment was not relieved by 
vit whispered comments of the young matrons „ 
Oiat man is surely in love with you, my dear! 
"J never saw a man show so plainly he was in 
love!' coe^s ^ ^^ ^ 

ke young matrons were right, and it did 

Rot take the tnolishman long \o declare 
imself . 1)e had chanced to hear her 
voice when he first arrivecl in ^t^homaj 
as he was strolling behind her while she con- 
versed with a fViend Chough he could not see 
her fete, he had fallen in love with her soft: 
melodious voice and^ntle digniPied beanng. 


Unmuruid, Ke easilu found out ikat she was 
Bsmerpixa and 1ie had taken the opportunihj 
of seeing Ker at the Saihimaij mormn^ service. 
€ stiver accepted her suitor and theu were 
rnaracd on the CwKteenth oF August, 1?J2. 

elvsarios business took him io Baltimore 
and the bride dcoompanied her aristocrat 
u. husband. T^hereNwasaninterestinq 
^^ story about tfie orioin oP his beautimi 
name, in carlvj daus one ex his ancestors had 
been-atbched to the Spanish Court. Rncnpera 
called 'Belisario'was to be giveti before tne 

a coat-of arms, and the name^ensarialjgnTgV 
ftiniim was connected by blood with the besV 
Jewisn tiouses in €ngland 1)e was related to 
(^race'Rguilar. Jn due time news came back 
to ^fOwmas that a son was born, anci that 
theu had called him ^acob after his Father and 
nerorother. Zhen came more news bad news: 
13 elisano was dead. Coco made the tiip and 
brought home his sister and herinfent te 
to his mothers iuDUse .l)cnnj had not left his 
widow provided for; tie was onlu a saleanaa, 
and with his death his income ceased. She 

xned to live with Ver dependent motfier. 

eanwkile there was a constant stir of life 
theactiv)eiPiza clan. Something was 


always oomcf on m i\k waa of WtKs or wed- 
dvnol Jti the four yeari after (tsmer becdTne 
av^d^ow, her two younger 5lster5.K««cca 
and leah,, were married, and ^Esther herself, 
doubly mterestino as an experienced mwn^ 
widov^, began to be recognised as eltgiae . 
vmtn an amused smile at his name wKlcK 
suggested to her the infernal regions, she 
dismissed $% l)ellman. a German . Jut her 
old admirer, j^olomonSnaduro son oFl)aiaa 
5.L.91ciduTo, begantobepersbtent. fjaner 
did not want to marru this uouno clerH .^er 
maTital happiness had been orleP; andshe 
had suffered tortures m TiuTsino her babij. 
^»he was content to staij in her mothers nouse; 
ter unemotional nature did not demand wore- 
iut her mother did! Ijannah spoke often on 
subject of marriaQe. She argued wilh Ker 
icid daughter, ana held lujtne spectre oF 
llfelond dependence on her bromerB and mar- 
ried sisters as the alternaKwe to settUno 
down wilh this worthij ijoung man /Che oat- 
tie was waged for a Imo time and as was gen- 
erally the case theflMriarch wo>n . On^epfem- 
per first, 1S5^, jOstnerPixapelisario becametlie 
w\te oV her suitor; faithful m so man\j uears, 
ajt a ceremonu performed bijthe grooms fetKcr 

T\everen(l^.LC7acluro. ;sf JK «< jj>j JK 
^^^ <ii ^ began life together with ver\j small 
(^vJ means, (tstnerls calm even temper and 


pKvlosopkical outlook sawtKemplacidtu 
mrouoK tKe Dxljustments incident tome 
second marriage . CUvldren came fast . Samuel 
hojn m W was named atter Solomoiisfatfier.tlie 
muusten Joshna , who arrived la \i6\ . was called 
50 forfslners reverend |?arent. l)e was followed 
b\j i^uditK mlS45, Cnamed after her paternal 
drandmomer).and^nndin1&65; sliightli) modi- 
wino the name of tnematemal grandmother, 
ji was a constant struggle to tieepthegrowin^j 
fagiilaigia fcT'table ■ :^A ^ ^" ^r»» ^^ ^i^ 
ut IIakie)3elisario hadanaimi 
in London, weallhij and duldUss, 
wno had lon§ besouohtCstner 
to ^ve her Ker brottiefs tnild to 
bringup. She could do so much 
more for the boi) than his molKer 
Mid stepfather could. Sadla, for 
tne welfare of her son. (Esther 

acquiesced .and i?a.kie, a lad 
VjBn.was tanen to Ijondon.^fe-t^ 
Jne neccessity for more money nnallu 
led SoloTnon to venture uito busings 
forKimself ; and soon he began to make 

Fa gcDd liviag. Dote children came.un 
, thetr offsprir^ numbered eloht ©cnrxj, 
born m tS4| was. surprisinolv) named after jus 
Wife's .fU^t husband, ('liriam arrived dakfeBi 
months lateT7]^^na whentnetr youaoest was 
bornlntSl5, gsther Called him F^ofdtfiorG, 


after Sir Roses S^ontitfiore, jBot wkose<!Karac- 
icr and career she KadatreTnendous adimKk 
tipn. (She declared that Kad It not been for 
theoreat pKilaitt(u>pl&t, Queen Victoria would 
not Ka\jc been born in Cjd^land.and socouii 
^avc reigned as queen.) w .w "W 
' LC Dusinj^s prospered, and€,s4ver 
^Tit wVtn Solomon on a ir ip to the 
IStates. G)e remember tfiis visir rbr 
it was ontKis occasion, 0*^^) vn 
nUadebnia that tke nodurp arul 
Brandon families met for tlie ftjrst tiine 
COrule ^^tker sat taLHing to ^Hr^ Jacob j^ran- 
dtm, whose soiai-uear-old ^onHavid voas 
plavjinq abouit tne room, ^stfier was carry- 

munDorn, the little daughter 3faditK . 
. > would seventeen ije^s later, marr^ 
' .»sc .~««c y^^»: :^mi y^'^ -.^^r^ ^b 
^^^^^ *^^^* twelve 

was eleven, 
about tnesaine 
put their un- 
Kept an eye 
the end of i3ur 
sKowina d^ 

they were 
Id receiveatho- 
business was 


ftnvte signs of reverse , and the stadents were. 

sent for. Not oxAx^ vuas the expease of their board 
and :bch(»lva§ more than could t)e spared from a 

large and KuYioru famili) . but their actual help 
was needed . Oe lads must 90 to work jWpoa 
1au§Kl them txDk keeping andniethods. 'Jhen Vus 
store faiikd, and the unhappy man ,weifl[hed down 
by his debts, collapsed in health and spirit. But 

me tx)ij5 icck hold at once . Josh went to (josta 
Rica aiS clerk to his untle€lias J^aduro; while 
uouno seventeen, departed tbrPanama 

loerfKr business on, his own account l)e was en 

trusted by his father with merchandise stock 

from his ruined business amounhnoto hwr 
thousand dollars ^ vje ^ ^ ^i-^ L. ^'z^ d n^ '-^ ^ * ^-^ 

^sther remained at tiome and did what 
she could to help the fiimilij excKecotter. 
T^'dro^-bowl" ortraij' was the solution 
^ in those daijs when the ijounolady 
who workea avvay from her ownhonjeywas 
imknown ^liswasa method of sellinq wares 
that had been taken up by several of tiff more 
enlerprisind women or 51 Oiomar. Cheu vnv- 
ported from abroad sma ll articles , such as fiae 
scented soaps, perfhmes, laces, ribbons andbrcd4s 
and tne jeweled hair nets that were so much 
me voque. '^eg sent out pleasant neoro 
women, crisplu dressed, wearing Qa\^ bandanas 
(Dnmeir heads theg carried wlaew®den vessels 


Tn\tcK onttiE style of choppm^ bowls, Keaoed up 
with the fineries. Announced by thecru Dro^ 
bowl ooln^ bij \ " theu w)eat fnpm house to house 
with iiieir wares, selliiio thetr luxuries among 
the wealthier dasses. k. sther had three or four 
of these 'sellers workino for her .Some of Inern 
developed qualities of real salesmanship; so she 
tktd out enouoh to carrij them through me dark- 
est of. their daus - ^^ *^ » ■> -r ^ t f t t ««< > _» ft « . « . « t« 
ut her aear «ie saw no future for their 
familij in5t wiomas, and shepleaded 
with t\er husband, to leave . Let them all 
go to~Panama vohere Sam fbr six months 
>n struoolin^ to make a success of his ven- 
tre, ^ut corSidence seemed to have deserted 
z unhappu ^ olomon ; he coidd TU)t bear to 
.n|<of siaruag anev^ In <5 strange country at 
Lis age, (be was forti) seven) * Jjow can J leave 
mu beautiful St J^tiiomas ?", he raltered. '?lnd 
will the beauty feed us all? " his practical wife 
inquired . ^s he could not summon me reso- 
Uaipn to move, Esther gathered xjLjp her six 
cKildren. and oeparted ^br Manama, to make 
a Kome fbr Sanv. the lad was workino yal- 
ieutl^ , and soon became the mainstau ^ mc 
family .1)is mother had saved a little fVx)m the 
"dro^ Dowr undertal^ing and this she inves 
ted in Her boij's store. As a business woman 
her judoment voas clear and fUr sighted, and 
the lad found Ker aduice well worth tahind . 


Dn six monlks'&olomoTMoinecltKenvaTulikdr 
business |)ecanieKnsoricisf(aduTX) ei^tjos (dadwo 
an,d5oTi5). ?or3osK Had Utt Wis position in^an 
Jose, and joined themmlVie store. 8 S p 
oung §am >N>a5 virtitaUvj tlie Wead of Kis 
niomers Kousekold ItwashewKopiui 
it>Ked1He ijount^ercWUdreTiand made 

rules fijrtKetrbckavior, forSolomon 

was soft and eeisycfolno. Childrens conversa- 
HonwasTiot pemattecf at meats : thei) must sit 
just 50. (Except Utile fflont\j who alwaij?. did ejt 
actly as Ke pleased aoout everq thing). Corner 
broadit them up to be tadustrious and econom 
ical per lack of imaguiationin traiaiiio theniis 
ulustrated bij an incident which occared whoi 
me dirb were small: before ?)he went out one 
dau she set j^udn and(\nnato work helping 
CpoKie to make a prune pud ding .l|cr partiao 
iniundion wa^ ."^ont put prune seeds in uoar 
nose'. " ]]a»js later attention was called to tilfte 
^nna bu a stubborn sniffle which did not" 
meld to n\£ ordinarij treatment for cold .Zne 
cfuld suffered with catarrh ^br months, and 
men ^ebeqanh) be troubled with intense 
headaches, COhena new physician wa 5 con- 
sulted,h€ found mat a prune-pit had been 
shoved up her little nose and was sprout- 
ing. COith the removal of the cause, tke iU 
ness disappeared. ef^ (^ d^ c^ (A 
^ olomon died ajt the age of fifhj seven. 


f *]aduro e l)vjo5 Kad paid many of tke debts in- 
turml by his fdllm5t tHoinas. put on hisdeath- 
bed »olomomnade S>am. jpromlsenottDlmve 
one creditor unsatisfied . Jt was cusbDmarij . 
in the case of a talUtre, to maKe on arrange - 
Tnent for the settlement of debts , but Sim 
would accept no compromise, audpaid one huiv 
dred cents on every dollar owed. -jj^— — : 
" He ijoun^er Doij^5.1;)enrij and me hand 
5on\e S^ontn were (^iwn. the ^ood edu.- 
cactionthat Sam and fch had to forgo. 
Hieu studied In ipndonandui lYew 
York. Jtwa3mWewVorkthatS»Jontu 
latet studied and practised medicine ."^nrjj 
entered theiamilvj business aiid successftuw 

mana(3td the retail ^M7^—r-. — -: «*r^ 

|icol)Belisario,the half- brother adopted 
pu his wealthy aunt, had met with a sad 
feie. f^lwaijs d retiring artistic tad . he 

had kept in touch with nis mother % 

rand tier occasional visits to (E-ngiandlo see 
Just after his schooUno was completed he 
paid his first visit to tus famiiu in 5t Vnowss. ^rs. 
Raphael. Viis foster mother had died Ai\d made 
^Kie Her heir. 1^5 arranged that on his return 
to tnoland from his trip, ne would mvest his 
money in land and live the lite of a gentleman 
farmer^ "But on tkis visit to his molner 5 house 
he behaval stranoelu- imagmed himself watch- 
ed and tne victim oi persecution . ^cr>n he 


Wcame so vioteatly insane iKat Ke Had to be taken 
to anasijliLm.^e lived for ten years but never re- 
covered Kis meatal health . CJhen WedlecL in aTW- 
adebfua moL^on Oesan/^' his mother inherited. 
S 25,000 that remained fnomthe fortune lept 
Kvm bij Kis aunt . tThis moneii wa 5 eicpendfd 
mainiu on P)ontu 5 expensive medkaleduca 
Hon, Curopean trm aria elaboratE oHice equtp- 
•ment, 4. a a u if 

,slhers, later uears were placid andcom- 
j^oilaple. l)er eioht chudren all married. 
Jhe conscientious Samuel would not 
.form any alliance until he saw his 
sisters cared, for, and his mother established 
at ease. /It the ageof thirty three, he married 
Lilian Bramlon. Josh had married her sister 
@lanche three ijears before ; but she had died 
at me birth of their baby. Judith, when ^(A 
quite seventeen ,tiad mar riedDavid Brandon; 
sne in time found herself the aunt inlaw of 
tier two older brothers I i Ula PTaduro at nine 
teen tiad wedded her cousin jacobLuria . 
^nna had married t dwardi .Salmon who 
was twentu one ijear6 Ker senior S^iriam 
was twice wed : first to jrjarc us ^scoli . a mid 
dtera^edrrenchman ivho died shortlu after 
their sonf^ene was born; then practicMiu du 
pLicatind her mother^ experience of .do uoie 
matrimonii .weddinq her Rrst admirer who 
intKiscase was 1)erbert de^la. 

niaduTo united wltb Isudia^^fajlf m 1100. , 
Mer elobteen ijearspf widowKoxl joshaoam 
tcpkam^: be c]i06e£stelleX)elvaUe,tbe ain 

rqpKdTnaie: ne ciioee jisieue^ieivaue,ti)e ain 
WDO as an iTUdntoadbeeR adopted bu ner 
childless aunt . l)enru married m (YewYor k . 
f aunu Ecler. whose fatner bad pioneered InGwrnwi- 
E5tl)e?s5randcnUdren,5catteretl over the eartl), 
Rumjbered more ihan three dozen. - ^ ^v -; .^ 
K^l M ?iterriLpting ds even tenor onlu bu an 
^ 1 ^tM otcaslonal trip abroad. Estfier lived out 
%HmM. hercomrortaUjc oldagevn^Tanama.^ 
^A^continucdto be a partner m her sons' 
^usiness and was consulted onallTnat- 

if waste operate on Ihe Sabbath^ she rehised 
■ ( naveani^thino to do with the enterprise. 

er decisvon. Desirous that 1i)euo\il 
Beopleo^the~ranaTnaconTin\unltU should 
Know somethmQ or thevr reliioipn, she or- 
oanised and financed a Sabbath pchcDi , 
'^nlch was led \>n her brother-inlaw, jfeicob 
Pladuro. .« ., .. , -^ '^^ 

nwe. biQ rambUno house above Daduro 
, -, e hljos ^re the tjiacid widow lived ,de 
4JH vqiedt^ cared for bij.r^r daw^hlerJlTjna 


to the maternal rcp? after tlie death of her hus 
hand , Iheu i^ept open aoa&e , and sumptu- 
ous meals were served there. Carlugaesfe 
woutdalwa\^s find their hostess TiBaau, rock 
ino cdlmlij m her favorite chair on the halcoiiy 
simng TXpmthat loDked out onthe tourtijani, 
berc^ileftnoerswerevisuaUij enoaQea mine 
cvosS; stitch emproideru with whip she show 
ered her rebtives . (.CJhat house holdof the 
fdnivlii i^ without a Godj&tess 6ut i)oTf\e " 
done pu her. handO COhlle her sister 


done pu her handy COhlle her S>i5te^ 
BenvanidaLindo had cared to read onlL .„ 
papers and current events, E stner riaduro, 
otherwise practical and mc%r oF Fad .revd 
cdmrbmantic novels. .i^mt:f^fflH)B h 
be died in W in her eightu-emhth 
liearof hle,aT\d in the full possession 
(Jail her faculties.Sbe was the lonoest 
ti lived orherlon^-llved generation 



Sokhua Piz a TmTrWnil, 


»fsi3- Hl» 

5«k.n t-x.. 

AN1VA E55»E 









Beticen^ants otJosbuaPtzas 

I mnuab &a550 


i S 

i%jc-- »*<4y 





nwr» rttftM t (K UK i\ lioi» ancwioia 

I* nil 



I I 


Hiiuli t ^cutl) Cbtl5reu. 



k lives of 



,- _^ _ I ^e mntk and tenth 
cKUdren ofJosKuaBiza.are so interwoven 
aind dependent on eacK other, mat it seems 
as if tae only wauto tell ineir stories^ ijto 
treat taem together m one cha|>ter. Tor. 
were It not fbr igah, febecca raigat ntvtr 
have marriect; were vt riot fbrEebecca, 
Jfdh^s children miOot ha^jeker^haUooto; 
were it not Ibr-but mat is rushing ahead: 
letusjirst speakoflRebecca. . ^' 

Ken she >\mls eighteen, Kebecca was 
deeplvj foscinafcd bij on ottrattive 
uoung nji^n from Curd^o. Che vis 
iior wa '^ ' 

jv w<*^ ^lias de^ola; he constant- 
ht her out. Lent her book s , and sKow^ 

tu souohtherout. lent her books, and shov 
al great dehght in her companij/Oe >wasr 

so exliremelv) attentivje thatftebecca and 
.\l the watdriful neighbors wert led to be 
ve that he was in love with her and 
uld ask her to marr\| him. Jut before 



he had made ai^u dectaratiou.he was seat for 
bu Kis arlstocraticfather, proud of the dgSola 
descent from one ofuie oldest Jewisa famines, 
^n Spain. "Perhaps this practical man hadhenlof 
sons affection for an undowered uoung vwman- 
tae daughter oPa minister without a conone- 
QQLtion; l)ut perhaps ne did^a^ know that her^nd 
lather Piozesriza was famous int)oliandas a 
writer of Jewish poemsand hymns.or that ner 
great grandfather JJiida rtza was Vk'elt known 
during the middle of theGoKteenthCentury as 
preacher, publisher and pwt. JfhehadKtlown 
these trviTigs possiblu he would not have been, 
so eager to remove the uoung man . Ellas 
left Stl^homas. "R»r Rd)ecca bnoke downlrom 
disappointment and shame. Mot onlu to have 
the hiuErness of finding the man she loved to 
be 80 spineless, but abo to have to bear thepityof 
TOOK who saj»^tt too! , She became melancholii, iil. 
Jforaxjear she haixlli) left her bed. Jt sonap- 
penedthat her ijoungest sister Bchij hadalso 
md an unfortunate Love aifeir, sottiese two girls 
became partners mnmsojamyandmadeacom 
tact never bo marru .^t when tier retirement uas 
lasting too lono^epecca's femilij forced her to 
fece iyeawiin,l>ut she was ft)und by all b)he 
greatly cdxered. 5he \oas quieter, self efFocing- 
"Jner did verv^ gone Cven her features had 
lost their former delicacy - her nose its ft He 

eah was almost iKree ijears youn^rlfan 
^^^cca . Just b^ore she was iwentu- 
one,&K€TT\arriecl^njaTn\nlxiria or 
Huaas l)ambarQ wKowasflv^ijedrsher^emov 
a busted emplouee in the successftil nrm ok 
"bermanPleuer, Ker brxjiHer-vnlaw.^ homew 


fellow wasMen.witkaclub ftDt.CeaK joined 
with, the otrier uouno dirts in making fun 
of mm, but setretti) ^e found his uolinessfes^ 
cinatinO, and adrnvred his true 9GDdness and 
5tabiUti|of character. l:)er choice proved wise 
for he made her an excellent husband. 

rhey had ntrtbeenmarri^ very 
long whenB^n's brotheriiaron 
^ Jaria paid tnem a vbit of some 
daijs as he \^3iS passinolKTX)iidh5t^K0- 
tnasVonhis way to Daricaibo, venezmta whqt 
he was a partner in the prominent hvm ofBlohm 
and Convpany. nn.tkottghtthe match >ual<er5 oP 


5tChoTTias, 'iKat would he ajg«xl chance for Jie 
elder, unmarried, sister! * Jut^eo€aa,althou^ 
it wdsfive years since Ker unhappy love Air 
avoided meetinol^TX)n.. As lon§ as he was in 
town shJe visited: no house where hemiohfr bu 
u chance be. She Kept awa\j TTomiLeaa ana 
ms until she Vieanl the visitor had gone on 
his ship. l)owever. the evenxno of me daij 
.„ . d embarked she went to dine wdhthem. 
mth€ middle^i^ the meal there was a flurry 
of excitement, ^aioii, considered safelu disus- 
ed oj ona sauing-vesftel, had returned . Che 
wliul wa5 unfiiVorable,^and his ship could 
not leave the harbor.^becca,cold andejnbar 

tssed^s unable to avoid beino intrnduoed 
W jSi^ron. promptly fell in love witnher.^^^ 
"nee more It was. the task orthemomer 
1)dnnanHza to induce an. unwUlinx^uuld 
to marry a worthvj man- It was almost 
a habit now and her arguments easily; 
^e had coaxed somanxj o9 her dauohtersjand 
always ~ with one sad exception- with the nap 

a est oPresults. (\i twentu-Tour i(ears,1^ecca 
jured her foDiish vowandmarriedliiron 
fma . She went Nwitk Kim Id Venezuela and , 
ere she hved quite happilu and bore him 
ree children. Anna €ssie and Joseph. ^^W 
n 184J,l!nn)ndied, and after eioht uear6 
absence^his Widow returned to hernatipc 
tsle, With her children l-inancioU^ she was 


independEnt, as krfmsband had left her3aooo 
— a 5tthomas.p£n ami ieah had, abo beeiv 
JW ravsluo ai^mdy . :Joe,Hlbert£rnest,l)crman. 
Jkcoij ^issy and flalta were born there. 
Chen^njaTTiiTi^rid found rumselF la 
thfi posltioulhat he could retire to oamtau-g 
where he could §ive Kis chilcLreu the edum.- 
lional adwautages of a large city . Jn. doing lals, 
he was f olUwinome German tradition by wKicn 
iheuounomettwent pioneerinoto newcountnes. 
made their fi)rtunes ^rvl then retur aed to the 
homeland to enjou thethiits or meir early labor 
in corapany wiu\ ifie wives they had married 
and toe chddren that had been born to them 
inihe ^ounger land . the business was Left in 
the hands of CrnestjlaCdstaC^euer, a cousin 
oJt)ermanJTteiier. 'jffl^becca and. Tier brood of 
three accompaiued the ®)en|Q*.rias and their 
seven Chetr was no reason, wnu the widow's aul 
dren should not also have ttie advantages of 
Curopean culture, and be brouolit up in the nra- 
ddions of their ikther. Che sisters had scper 
atehouscholds. *^ ^^ , J^ W 

n ms retumto i)QinburDMen»«iinjde a jart- 
ner in ttie local ftim oT5.0)euer andCwn 
tBn\j . »i>ah became a mother fOr the eiohth 
^^^^ lime in giving birth to €dwaTd- tethis 
time she contracted puerperat fever-. ;&cft)resKe 
died she beooed her sisfeiigfebecca <» carc 
lor tne vntant and to bnng upher children . 


3(»iisKe wasestaUisked in hjerbnolKer-iii law's 
DouseKotdasfijster modxerto Kis diildren.Natit 


was struck 

nephews the ddestof 

. onLu eteven when 

died; andmewus^ 

sorrow canteto 
e appendix, he 

did not 



jn Swst 
e manrifll 


tKe beautiful Jlnvta de^oU d[ Curacao, dauoltler 
of th£ faimless suitor of hlsliuntBS&becaisgirl- 
hoxl. l)ermaRwlxou>ent mto business in"nnaTna 
asa young lad. married a natiye.(d»cit laria Aunu 
eles.Xl^ie sprigKdij^issudid noivoed unttlsKevas 
forty ; then she became the wife of § ipmuiidPlauliior, 
an fiustrian widower vulth twodau^Kters. ^bsij 
completed hisfaniilij wilh a ?>oii. Jacob maraed 
Viis cousin lilta ^)aduro of Panama . >lmta loiifed 
with t tiQarPinto , an C^li^Hman, . (£ d want Ine 

aest died at the aoe of thirtu sit . GGc^E=^=a 
eari deseaje carged off the Read of Ms big 
Kou^Kold .^enJyAria when he was sixtg- 
five^lebecca unselfisa and devoted .remain 
:^i^.-^:y ed asmie genile ruler of Ihe t^amburcj familu 
until her death sitbeen years Later. 5he died ia m. 
also of heart disease, at me a^e of seventij eight. 






»-MM r.tA 



Jo5baaiLrz a In ^ Ha nnah Jasso 



It. "RACHEL ,„18(>0 SOIOMON B. 



'• 3aj)|,TH XBENJ^M\N ^- JOSHllA •^w»%»'^ -^ liAWhftH ^ J/Sd)e.9ftCK)7.^E'«CY 

jks^amo am. 






Qifv mA /imn/ cm im mux y£jifiM/m*^^Mm/ evEim joh* 

t^UaJit 4lrt0ti, LoM-nx. Jujhr -tAuit t^iKte tnjtuci ^"It ^^Aaittt 

^*"^ ^lien ^ohf ^' 

1 / A 

'tennis JifWnfL n<ck^ fln^to. CeceUa 


5e5ceni>aiit\j orJo^KiciTlzcis 


1 EDA 



4«/ '9/c 


a mil JkMU ismioe am 

(gWv^ntl, (Tljila. 


dieL sevenl? 

f uounoest cK'ild of ;tfce 3osHuAT?i«i5 wasiom 
\ ui1S3'rwhen her fether was m rils sixtieth i)car. 
? She AWas rier mothers favorite child . fls she 
^rew ujp, she had neither the vivid peautij of 
Judith norihe delicate feature of jSarah; 
but she had a pleasant aareeabLefece;acfrace 
ful carriage, and a disposition so obliyinjjitliai 
she was loved bi) all . Chere was nothing that her 
capable finacrs would not attempt, ^^nd ncmiiw 
that theu attempted that thevj did not do well. 
Jathosedays of the elaborate^cciffure ,she could 
arratvgt haur with cAic; and ^h c a uld tie a 
pow with more eU^ance and coquetrxj than 
anyone else. Jf a baU was to be given mthe 
evemng>t\chie would be occupied from early 
afternoon in arran<ina the head dresses of 
her friends, and up to toe last moment would 
he busu ad din a the little touches io their costunu 
thatwouU maKethem morefetchim?. She was 
Muallu siicce55fiil with her own appearance. 
t,heu nod. acquaint little custom inStClx m-^s, 
of borrowina from oneanothef^ peraonaUxces'Sc- 
nt$. She ntbmm^ after a soiree, there w'ouTa 



be a steadu slrtam of nt oro servar\ls at liie^j^a. 
household sent bij their mistresses to teli9)Ds/fchie 
that V^issl^emiqux, or ^iss Dsorio, so oreaili) admir 
ed the Uce ruche - or ihe couronue onlowers-mat 
she wore at the wirtu aiid she would tike to borrow 
aruicDpij it if vlxs^^khxs could s\me It. But the 
§ItI couta. seldom oblige, as by then her laces were 
sTTKCtfied out flat in her drawer, and the ftowers 
unturned and put away, for, accomingtothe 
whim of the moment, stie dra ped. her Loces^nd, 
arranged her wreaths for each occasion. . 

_ ^ Ken she was eiqhteea she fell lu love with 

an engliihmaft, d brilliant y ounciftuow 

\J wno completelij fascinated her.Xkey be 
/v came secretly eugaoed. €1x6 day sKe 
cliscovered that he boasted to riis friends or his 
conquest and allowed them to spy oahis love- 
inakinq . 5he would see him no more ; she joined 
her 5isTerM)ecca in a vow never to marr^j . 
M -/ pnienxw tins vow did not seem to mtierfcre with 
r fj her popuUritij . She had the oppor tundij to 
./ marnj anu number of the noun^ men dP St 
, , thomas,- eleven, to be exact 5he rejected 
them Kindlg and invariablij suggested, to her 
suitor some other girl whom she said woixUt , 
make him happier . -several of herfnends marnal 
her resetted smtors. (But "^onaabf'iza, could pt 
resist Ifttingtheir mottiers Hnoiv lhdt1%ckel 
had been melr first choice), ftmoaq the ijourw 
men that she reflxsed wei^ J ulius COolf , me son 


of ^ajorOolf wfio qaelledtKe reklltoa\Tv . 
Sania Crai ami \WdS decorated by Kvu^CKristiart 
for his brdvtru; P^ordetai Uladuro. Htiowaas 
TO assa", (tKe l?n)tKer of Solomon wKo had ruaraed 
her sister t sther ; a relative of Ker brotiicr uyW 
l)erniaTv PJei)er,Cwlio afterwards married a ^ljs- 
JaCosta and called himself ])a Costa .\eycr).Uiere 
were also a. ^r Roseabaiun and a (Oip'Aztvcdo. 
€^^ X Ken she was twenti^ three years old and sliU re- 
?- iX fusing all olkrs, h annah 901 tired of it .5he 
was not ooin§ to have it said Hut anuof 
r herdauohters was le?t on Uie AheW".' ^he 
suitor of me moment wasilolonionBelvalU, 
of an iXceUen-t faniilij a solid ijoim.9 man two 
Tj€ar5*R^cKel's senior. 1)ewa5 considered soirust- 
wortny and able that when he was onlij nineteen 
his employer, C^r Ozorio, sent him to England to 
biu| fbr the ftrm . (It twentu five he had a spleridid 
position BiLtJphie was stifl romantic about her 
first, unworthy lover Cwho had turned out very 
badly indeed), and would not have him .Toor 
Molomon'J^lvalle was so broken by his rejection 
mat his mother came to plead his cause. Ijannah 
' had U ouiwith|lcKie. and on the threat of perma- 
nentuj withdrawing her love from, her youngest if 
she persisted in refusing this etcellenx yoim^nian, 
ifinally prevailed on Ker to accept. Cveruone said 
it was her mother that loved hum. ^^chels out- 
est sister Juditn.Kersetf tra^ifally mismated. 
Openly encouraq[cd tine ^irl to please hersellaiione. 


BiaJLchie never had cause to reoret Ker detision. 
foriioLomoa was a Iu9tili) respected, Konorable maa. 
a loving Kustend and an eicellent qenenoas pro 
vider. ^ • q? • V -■ c^. . ^ 

■^ lieij settled dowa in a home of their ou>a and 
V jj^ be^an raising the family wKith ended b^ 
J14-- bevn^ the largest of ^nx^ of JoshaaKzas chxl 
^^i^ dreas. Their first child was a dauokter. 
whom they called Judith after Solomons mcflha: 
Ihen came a son named Benjamin for jm father : 
then a dauohterli^cinRali, after tlie^triaTtn. 
>n MS tne suctessfui vjouac^^lomon, deciding 
to branch out m new countries, departed witK 
his family for BarranquUld, Colombia. Bat 
in passing through Panama he was hailed bij 
amuelPiza, the important and prosperous 
merthaitt, ever on the lookout for promising 

uouno men to run his affeirs for Kira . l)e and 
pjordo^al iTHiduro were induced to stau inftna 
ma as junior partners. Jn MS and Xpchie 
gave birth to a soa^oshua anda daugkierDelia. 

the businessihrove and itiose wide awake 
uoung men made plenty of money. Xheo liad 
ThefpTesioht to put in. a huoe sappiu of ^our; 
whitntKeij were enabled aurlnq the s>carci- 
tg^to sell at tlie fughest of prices to the whole 
Spanish Dam , when none was beiao exported 
from the United States, thenin the moes of re- 
constr^tion after the CivU (Oar. Ml^ 

<D Idroanna h came to visit them ia wq. "^hat 


must Have kea a oreat eueai m Ker lift, as it u>astKe only 
time she had Lett ot^mas since sKc came there from 
Qirajaoas a uounq woman of twenty ttiree.1t v^asa for- 
tunate time wr Ker to be away, for that voas the ijear of tk 
worst eartKquakeand tidal wave m the histonj of 5t 
Chomas, when all the mhabitants had to seek the hilb 
to avoid dTDwninq. T)annah speat six months w\tK 
Jldiieand^loniou. Then the^lvalles left.takmg 
Ker witK Ihein Slheij stopped at >maica onihe wai^ hack 
ioStChomasfor three months, wlulejpfcKie was givmg 
birtfi to a SOT) 3ack lOhde theine j^lomon vuas particu- 
(arU attracted to a ijoung lad of poor parents,llalhan 
ielfliraruton,and allhoimhat tfiat time ke had su clut 
dren of his own. he sent tnis boy to Canopefor iwot|ars 
V educated at the cost of a ihousand dollars. 
Key retavrved to SI ^homasdnd thepelvalles 
^\ remained there fbr fonr years Cheir seventl) 
' ande^hth children l^ercyaadGdav^ere born 
in the same place as the three eldest . Before Ker 
Kirth.icda was pronibcd as acjtft toifmiKj and/saac 
B€lvalte,|lcliie5 sister and brother mlaw^wlio voeiT ctdd- 
less k the fulness of her own prolific abimdance, she 
pted(^ Ker unborn baby. But beloi-e the birth, Ker two 
year old son Percy died miseraWu, by choh m^ to death 
ona bit of wood. The mother RbU she had beeapunished 
fcrthinliingof 9ivm9 awaij any thing so sacredly hers 
as a cliild. She disappointed vrmilij andCda was reaml 
Dijl^own mother 

^^lomon consider^ed estabUsliinq himself in Loadon; 


sotke aext year Kelook over Kis faniilu. and ihev) 
were cordialljj received byOacob aacLbenditapiza. 
their brother and sister la law. ^he iiewconurslirst 
siaued at thel)otel/1lewnder, wh.ich theij liked so well 
that when their aext son was born tiictj named hiin 
i^l^ander. JB ut.?fc}ue objected to the cumate and could 
not accustom hersetP to uie dark fo§ou wedlher, which 
friaraenedand de^jressed her. Qieij had takena house 
iaiheCitij tobenear^tomon'5 oRlce.andthiis.liwng 
iiithe smoky town, instead oTin thcsabu-rbs where most 
people resided, she Wt she could not stand it. ^otheu 
returned to SI ^hanas-^X • >^n ♦ >*^ 
11 thechildrenoSdIdlpnnahwei'emamedand 
had ^one to live in omer coaatries.^heoW lady, 
now |)araly zed , did not hav e oae oP her ntr\£ 

children near b cheer herdedihin^ years. 

Hachel,ever the most devoted, declared she vwould 
Ufbtleave 5t ^Itionias aoam while her moihcr hved. 
So it v^di there that Javid.tVy and Daniel were 
born. ?^he older children, who had resided 
for maay gears m laroer cities, chafed at the 
confinement, aad prorestcd aodiast: thetnsular- 
it\^o? their sarroiindinqs-, but mcir mother was 
adamant in tier decision 1o remain there She had 
necoitrce to "making a vow -which wasa KabU: of 
hen when determined not to be swayed from a 
serioas purpose. (Is a qirl she had made a vow 
not to accept Ihe diamond heart her mother had 
brohea the Sabbath to dquire, aatil d tike anoint 
had beea ^iuen to charitij , she Kad made a vow 


in-Pdiianid not to buy lottery tickets , wKUe alltkose 
anoiuul Ker were beiaq demoraLii£<i bij tVie lust for 
cjuitk ^laj and now she vowed that i^ fiermoMier 
lujedlo bedKunctrecl, sKe would not desert Ker. 
^Loinon traveled to dod fVo as his business re- 
quired; butJ^dcheUndtKe children stayed near 
fier old mother, who foituaatelu for uou-th i^tuck 
misX be served) imd only three years after 
their arrival. 

he iamilij moy ed back tol^nama , wKere 
there was now a large cotonu of CJest In- 
dian families enjouino the DOOm which 
— -. bedan with the putting through of the 
frencKCanal. €stelle, trie thirteenth child was 
bora there. Jtdoes nx)t seem surprising that 
after this Keavy burden of chitdbearlricf, Pcor 
J^chle almost cotlapsed. She was so wSiKand 
ill that slie could not take care of her infdn+, 
vvhich fell into the eaoer.loviao hands of the 
childless € mill) for sitccor. So it was that late 
at last provideet this child hungry woman with 
an object for her maternal longings, for the frail 
and delicate mother was taken to GiUfbrnia fbr 
a cnanoe of climate, aad ttie infant left with 
6mUijandj5aacDeivalle was never reclaimed 
he climate of 5an francisco aqreed 
witK^chel and she Qot back ner Shenqil,. 
2^ was eathusiastic about its equabilihj, 
^and soon after her arrival from the voyaoe 
which had been planned merely asaheaitfi 
trip, she announced to her husband; This i? 


where j want to live !*' Tlnd Uiat is whjert tiit^ did 

live. 5ke adored the brilliant siui^hlne. and ^he 
Kadd kind won! even for the moist 'tule^fo^s. 
Oieu voer^ so different from the heavy pea- soup' 
varieiu that had driven them fVom London. V\ 

son Joe was born, fifteen months after^stelle. 

^ ut helpful as % climate was tolt&chel, so \^s 
. '') it harmftil to^lomon. 1)ewa3. aft unKnowiaq 
^^ "S^a victim of Bright s disease ; for in the tropics 

¥ J it had remained dormant. 'Che dampness 
ov Gilif omia soon made him worse , and he doBd 
inlSU attlieagt oP forti^ seven, s^l^^ ^,., . :^ ., 
fie widow and her twelve surviving chil - 
dreri were left comfortably off. 'Chel^nama 

:^ ^ business was thriving , and the etdest son. 

^^ Bennijl , with his cousiriT3rcinddo (Lassere^ 
XJL^ managed it. 0r should we say mis managed 
it ? for soon there was a era s ti and the firn i 

failed . Che attention it should have received 
had been devoted to one of T^nama's most beau 
tiful matrons, ^ust before the banKruptcy^JosIn 
£indo, a nephew ofli^chels succeeded in. trar^s 
f erring certain valuable properties to the childim. 

Chis'act saved the family rrom complete r^itiii, 
andijieui could always count on a smalt iacome. 

(Dixe Kouse on the r)ain Street, valued at'^>o^ooa 
yielded fi>500 a month in those prosperous 
days of the h^nch Canal. t3ut atas,thi5 enterpriie 
enlisted only hx)m l^q m^\ Conquorea by yellow 
Pever aivd impoverished by the ^raPt of aLfew men. 


tKe v/Uitors were ^rC£A to retire, leaving tK£ 
qiraveijards fall aad tKetr machmerurustiac;. 
Irom tfiat tune until the Americans cleaned up 
tKe 5\Mamp5, evicted tixe mosquito , and built iiie 
canal earlvj m ttie new centuru there were verg 
quiet times iri t)f\e. business ure o9 the Jsmmus. 
^ ost of%cheVs children married, feennjj, 

r(:\//\\ his wild oats sown, married his second 
u/\r W cousin, tke prettij ^AvelijaJHaduro.1)e , 

^ "^jK never mad£ a success oF business; wKile 
fie was an interesting talker; he was not very 
practicaL . 3t was oaiq after tie was past middle 
a^ tfitd he be^iito get atoag moderately XUe 
vivacious l)annaK at nineteea married {jouruj 
1)arrij Goldsmith, whom she Kad met first as a, 
child in London. OhenhecametoT^namaasa 
ijounq TTian, tlieuMin Lovednd3oon wed.theirfor 
tunes tailed andljanriali pinved herself unuiual- 
tij capable and resourcdld. Stie was the admira 
Uonov all for the gallant spirit she stiowedjlelia 
married her cousin Sam Lmdp, the handsom 
est of Beavanida's children. tTheij spent most of 
ttieir wedded life in 1)amburg,J]chie A/^/^f^in 
marriage almost asftrventlu as her mother Kad: 
but d was her sons ttiat 5ne wai most anxious 
al^out. 3a her later i^ears stie liesitatEdto have 
a victvx)la in the house, because she dut not 
waul her bom to be so content in their motfier'5 
house that ttieij would not want to settle m 
homes oi their own. '^ -^ '*t?l ^rrc^. ;^i 


Udvtk,tKe eldest daa^hler, wasanattraciiw: 
olrl and popular. 5lie ol ten seemed otl 
, me verge of becoming ea^^ed. ,dria then 
Surprised people ^ /?y/doiu^ so COheii, 
e was nearly fortu, she entered. Into corresfwn 
dence with Aoscxn Gortissoz of PhUddelphid.1)is 
aoed sister in San Francisco was her friead, and 
laidith iLsed to sd with her and read, or write 
her tetters for her. Often her correspoadencevjas 
mth/laroa. I)e. a bookbinder twenty cjeari cider 
il)(uri JudiHi and more thAii once a widower, was 
so attracted by her letters that without even ^ee 
uig Her he proposed marriage . J^eiiolitea as sKe 
was by his literarij stijleand and fine seatimertb, 
and enamoured by the romancE of an imseeo/ 
admirer,- still Judith hesitated. Tinallu shf 
agreed to meet him in Chicago, and so tfiattheu 
recoonise each otVier. sent him half of a rosette 
of ntbon to wear while she retained the other 
Half. JDetern^imedly she prepared to meet him, 
but- cautiously- she bouohi a return-ticket to 
Sail Francisco. C^f 5hedia not like him she would 
seem prepared - undisappoiatea - and ready for 
the trip back). J3ut Cortissoz was sure, of himsdf 
and came witti ttic wedding rin^ in his pocket. 
CKeu were married immediatelL), and Uwedquier 
lu inPhiladelphia for nine iiears, when he died. 
XJudith outlived him four yeans. -> » - - - - »- 
ack married Fiay Wewneld, and])ameLKell 
CiKcherly mS^an Francisco. Cste lie, tHe pretty 



dau^ker in Panama became tKe second wife ofKer 
cousin J osKfladuro. iavid married ^u.saa?etvt of 
Kew^orkXwo daogkters.Cdd andKeij remain un- 
married . tJhelr mother carefuilii secured theLrftdurc 
by buijlag for tfiem ttie married cKudren'5 snare of 
tKe Panama properties. a\KMXX)ooc>Cu^>K>«'j^/x>':u^ 
cKie's widowed years were actiue aad brodd 
f minxled. Ja contrast to the pious girl we ihow 
' 1 ed in aaeariy chapter reTusing to accept iJie 
'qift herniottier bought for her oa the Sabbath, 
' 5hebad devebped into a woman who attended 
an interesting church service as often as a sijnagqf* 
Ja appeaT^aace she was always neat and well groom- 
ed . Ji was a principle with her to look crisp aad finesh 
even in the early morning. She acconipUshed Ker 
bousework encrgeticallij and serenely. 1)er daujdbters 
showed anxietu lest the housekeeping t)e too much for 
her strength, "bui she said Jiiou. doat know what a 
sahsfaction it is to be able to od it ! " She did not work 
butfie clock, but was liable to take a notion at anu hour 
of me day or night to paint ttie floors or the furnflure: 
but if 5he lidd anyone workmg for her then she did 
watchthe clock- bo see that he did not Temain one 
muude atter iiours. >^ 

f her two siaqle daughters, Cda nsas in business, 
iUd Reij who aad had. her beauhftu voice ham 
d abn)ad, had i^traed aad was giviaq sing- 
iadlessoas. Shehadaspired to the stage, but her 
moth t^^r was uaattnably prejudiced against it. So 


Rfcri) Kad to give up all iKou^Ut of a career, ^a.^^'^u^a^ 
-^gfe achei's Later years contlnuea to beactuiedod 
lgm% bu5y. 1)er step wa5 as liqtit a^a girls. Ohea 
^^! she was seveaty seven she joy oastu report" 
"~ ^ ed to Kevj that a conductor liad muarUed 
^toHef as she tripped ^aity ^m ttie street car, 
Yladdn>,it's a pleasure to see Kow uou qet offthat 
car- thei^'5 maaij a ^oun^one coulctn't cfo it tiKe 
that 1 " She hated dependerice, and dreaded 
Ihc idea of betrio a wine io aai)one. She often ex^- 
ed the wisn. to die ia her b(©ts'. ■■■ x»? ax > 
ad so it happened . the dau after her sevea- 
ti) a^htli birth.da\| stie started out ibra 
walK arul a httte shopping . . ^ 

Joai be later thaatwelve-ttiirty.osU- 
edKcu as shewasleaviag. 

J It be Home as usual, on the h^ck of 
the clock" replied her mother 

'But she uever came home . Instead, 
Keu was summoned bu ietephone fo thehospi- 
tat wheiretheotdladij nad beerttakea 5h£ 
hadfaltea fVonia 5udd£a heart attack, laa 

department stone . She died very sooa. " ' 
" (Did- aqe", Sdid the pKqsuiaa lu ck 



1 nd 50 we come to the eud of oiir fflanu 

script, hav iaq told tlie tale of oar . 

.-Ancestor, Jo5n.uapiza,h.i5 three wivej 
■ ,i and ais eleven childrGTv. COe have 
investigated recoixts, visited oraveuards and 
written to far countries to oef* the oata for oar 
historu, but above all we have made a nuisaace 
of ourselves to the older members of ourfanuli) 
visiting them, writmo to them and m every 
wau, trumg to stimiuate their memories to 
recall the events of bygone days. 

nd why, uoumaij ask, wrde about 
Joshua Viza and his Descendants? 
lOere ttieu so famous ? Jndeed they 
were not. T>ut the Liwes of these vertj 
Lumantolk contain miinij quaint, Ynterestinq 
xnd amusing incidents worth recordiuq .l)ow 
Tnanu families have an ancestor that died 
of the shock of seeing negroes for the first 
time? tJKat others can boast of a sixteen 
uear- old oirl who married a man of fbrtu- 
Tour, and besides bearing his .nine chudrea 
supported the Qniilu by tier own hands? 

Bait here is their story . /Is the loaq-suP- 
fermq. ueqlected iJusbandorthe^uthor sums 

This work. J hardly need explaia 
Concerns the celebrated pJZfts 

Wlho came to ])olland out of 5pain 
Wlhen rerdinand provided visas. 




Jews In Curasao. 

(Turafao tecame a DutcK possfeS5io a ia tfie year 
1^31, and sixteen, years lateir twelve Jewish ianiil^s 
aniyed from1)oliaTid vlrti letters from theCoitncd 
1o tae .Governor of the island, (natttiiasBeck, in 
structing bitn to §ive them land, and outfit them 
asfarmer5. Aorlcaltural pursuib had been sad 
lu neolected py the essentiallu com mercialjluteb 
aid ii was hoped that the neivcomers, provided 
with ne^jfToes, horses, cattle and implements, 
mvofd fill a very real want. , 

«LKe names of the new settle^ were : 
jpeReia,iftboab, pereira, deLeorClP-^T-ra, 
CouroSboab.Cardoze, 3eserun. iHarcriena, 
C haver, Oliviera and. benriqueiCutinho. 

t heij were oranted for residence a taroe 
tact ofland two miles awa^ i\x>m the fortress. 
ttKUemstad, and they were perrriitted to live 
nowhere else 3t was a severelu punishable of- 
fenc€ for a Jew to be found, wuhui tueibrtmss 
later than ninep.rx. 

Cwo ^ears later these tH>elve families 
were aiuomertted. by otfiers who came over 
ftDin i)oltaad m a companu formed bu Joseph 
uunez da ronseca . t3u a ^rant which allowed 
mem a tract oF land two leaQuestonq on 
me. coast fbr every fTLFtyftmdies.tKe^ were 

provided \witK addtonaV temtorij . ^uX tKis companij 
felled; for, naturaUu, 3ews who had perfect freedom 
in Holland did not eajoy liviag ia a newer, smaller 
couittruwKere restrictions vv^re pat upon them. 
^fie numbers of the Cura^o settlement 
were soon aiigmented bu the arrival oP jefiigees 
fromBraiil,. winch, mtw^ was lost bul)oUarul. 
^hese Braz-illaas were wealthu , and meir money 
was so welcome to theJJutch, tnat tfiey were allow 
cdto live anywiiere then pleased. and soontney 
possessed the best houses ori tfie best streets and 
t3Ke richest lands Bij the consent oF the author- 
ities, the original tract of land qranted fbr dwdl- 
ia§s and farms was appropriated as a burial ortxind, 
and enclosed bi) a tluJck brick wall./lmong flie 
earliest Interments were : 3shatk "^eariqueL 
Cottnho, Itio j'Revenendmraliafn^^aim Jppez da 
ironseca,lfci5; (^luaho l^iikiahoZouroJt/j; RacM 
^ovale, It-ii ■ (J^sther de (fphraem Jesuran^earlqiia 
Itf rjDavid j€surun,1(>9i , K2 7 JJavid^phaeUppez,' 
dafonsecd^aian y Tliby (Yo Kahal kadosh PtiKve 
Israel en Curasao , 1707 . 

©fter tnc corvSecratibnoF the burial onmnd 
inltyo, the Jewish, residents tbrmedtl1em.5a.ve5 
into a rehgtous body . Chey rented a small weed 
eaKouse and met three a day fbr service, 
etectinq aT)recentor,d fl\otiel and a Schochet.' 
Jt was tn9Wnas7jel)oop,cihe'0ope| .there 

Ltil the close oF the Xl/ll 

irti£u worshipped until the clo5( 
Century when ttieu purchased th.< 

ley purchased tne sitt fbra 


3ews tn (Tiiracao 

proper syna^ocjue on one of the priattpal streets, 
the cornerstone was laid by tae oldKabbi.T^aTan 
jgavid Rapaael lopez da ronseca. foursUmss for 
tKe extremities or the builduio were laid buWcrde 
caiv^tvarez Correa, Samuel de easseres, lacobj^ikiaho 
.i'loreo, and /^iauuel l)izkiahol(,evu, with, their names 
inscribed on the stones Iwo stones rbr tfie door ptOars 
bu jJaaielSboab Canloze and^^h-ls wife Hcbecca . 
Jt wasjiam^ed "i*likve !^rael" 1)opeof Jsrael. 

4lhe synaooqite was cotTLpletferi.,aadlTije 
first service was aeta onTassover. 1494 ?:h.eattie 
conoregation appealed to tlie Chief tiacham of /\tn 
stemam to send them a competent leader, as the 
H^verend ^avid Raphael (opez da <(V)nseca wa5»MM» 
an old man, aaable to cope with his increased duties, 
and the problem of the risiao geaeratioa. 1)eated re 
lUlous discussion and diSsealiba were nfeamonq 
theta. )\abbi(l^(iahtt£pp€zarrived highly recommend- 
ed and served until his death, twenty years later t)is 
wire pmedeceased hun bu thirteea wears leaviao no 
posterity. i 

J nl(>93 there was an exodus of aiaetu Jews 
from Curasao some fbr )VewT\)rt, Ciicludino JshazU 
deWbraham 'Couro);and some, ntostly of Jlaltaa de- 
scent, whom Guraqao had sheltered (or nearly Mf a 
century siace thar arrival from Cayenne. 'Oiese n<w 
au)ved on to Cacacas. Veaezuela , where tkeu fbuad 
eel a coTwre^aitiba. Caeu dut aot fbrqct iKe^and 
that had sheltered theai after theu' persecutioas 
by the Tbrhioese aiul the freach for in f J2o tKeu 
sent a present of IBSlOoo to purcfiase a Sephertbrah 
With \t5 adornmeats for tke Cura^o congregation. 


lews xn, dira^o 

NeVtKer (Xid tKeSWntk Israel Coacjreoatioa of 
Kewlloii< lorioit th.e coTigrTEoation^m >wh.icK some 
ofitsmeruDerahacL cxxrie: tfte same year tt^fj/tea^ 
diU of ttvem.ui biukluiQ ite new synagogue. 

tpor iKree years after Rabbi lopeis death, 
mere was no nvinJLster, for i^phael jesurun, jlie 
man Sebected to fUl ttie position was awaij in 1)oUari) 
recowerinfl Kis health. wh.ei\ the death ocoLred 5t 
wasiatheftrst year of Kis pastonKij) thattne 
H^eDrewBeaevoleiit Sociedj was oroaaized. which 
existed ft)r uears .and taok care ex the poor of all 
5ects. 3a 1131 the coa^reoatibn had grown to sacKan 
ejtteret that it was neccessary to enlarge the sun 
afljc^ue-Ttrmisjion topuU. dovuond. rcUuJUl 
was granted by the Goverixor, Koah duFoij, iu)on 
payment of «00 paUeas C^Porbigufee doUo-rs). oils 
cjowernoT was mostfricivdUj toward, the iew^.and 
oavje thetn posts of iraportence^ never offered iKem 
py his predecessors. In \W the new 3ynagoque was 
completed, the largest ityd. ftnest m. tfveCOest 3n- 
dies. ^ duncnsiprxs were 105 by 16 feet. 

The foUowinq year a branch of the synagogue 
was started actvss me bau la the part of the is&nd 
linown as OtraBanda; the people who liwed there 
and wanted to §o to service had to "travel by boat, 
which was considered sinfUl on. theSabbam. W 
\Mi the cornerstone was laid . and ta 1^5 the new 
building was established, and called */VeveK 
Shalom, Jiwellth^ofT^ce. The name seems 
ppsiilvely ironical, JbrfVDm tKe veru beqinmn(/ 
there was- nothing bud bickenn^ and nualr^ 


3ews \x\ (i^ur^ac,ao 

belweea iKe Urge and small synagogues. TKeKever- 
^rxd ,?arTtael j^evy J^aduro dS5utant minister of 

the (Hikve Jsrael was sent do fleveK&Kalonv to 
guide tkem ^ui the new cgnQregattoii did not 

like to be suhservient to itlikve 3sraeLVieumK 
not independent, Iheu felt unirRportant : thciT coni 
plained lo the <&overaoT* and (To unci L : 'that oa 
everg possible occasion much, vovono Insult and 
contempt was sKowri them'! On aaotiier occasiori 
in 1746, when the (Bovemors atteation was called to ' 
their wrongs he ordieredi a necoaciliation to take 
place on Jlau of^onement. . , 

9\i\W H^bbi Jesui^ua dted, and |)achaTn> 
?\apfiael ^muel ^*)endez deSola, of i^msteTdam. 
who could trace his antecedents back ft)r severe 
hundred uears succeeded tiim . Oie congregation 
had qrown grmitij 5ince theearli) daqs , aadtne 
3ew5 on ttie island numbered 2000. 3t was intlie 
first uear o? ^cham del^las auVKoriti^ that tToai^ 
te, worse ttian ever, broKe oat in the conqrecations. 
Resides tke jealousy o? Shalom Porfflikve, there 
was interaal strife ini^likve 3srael conqregaton. 
Chere were thirty congregants who were not on 
5peakinq[ terms with the rest of them. . ttiei) went 
50 Par as to build a wall m the burial Ground so 
that their dead m^igkt not lie next to Whether 
li)\iea the quarrel reached this stage, the Governor 
of Qira^o reported to tjollaiid the dangerous Con 
dition^iind that paternal Prince, Uiilliam(t'harles 
J)enrvj f riso, oP (Dra ngeflassavji interf erect and 
issued an edict fbrbiddtng quarreling. (5ee page 
4 cc ). 5Ihe decree was obeyed to tKe letter; artd 

peace vaas at least temporarily restored J^leiidez, 
deSola gave kis famous peace sermori Xniuifoda 
Uiudc Contra oTfernicioso Vicio da^tscprdia, which 
was pitblished UD^mstenlamtheMcwmg year l)e 
lived to offidak tea years ion^gen 

3a 1761 ^bbi l^aaci^erirujuei farm, a natiue 
of Amsterdam succeeded kirri.; bat Kedted wltfima 
year Tor three years the piitpLh was vacaat, wfufethq/ 
mxkdi for Jacob j[opez da fcnseca, wfio was in flmsfer- 
dam preparing for the miaistry to complete his studies. 
Jril/O" ketook charge of the coriqrtgatiori la which 
his aacestors had omwriup- 1)is pastDr5hLp was 
lon^ ami iineveutflu . On the fiftieth aamversarjj of 
Kb cUrectDrship, la IS/5 a qeaerat tiolutau of thaaks- 
giviao was cek brated la hoaor op His 6olden1ubilee< 
ifllas, the aifeir proved to) much for the old man : he 
was takea ill the next day, aad thot«[hliedid not 
die fbr two years, his usefulness was over. 

The old^abbl was succeeded by the 
joshuaPiid of oar chroaicle, whjo served oolij 
a ftw yeai^. tje la turn was followed b^ jpavidflanuas 

Rckrtnci5 * A Si^ aopsis o\^ tKt ))istor<^ ot tht lews 
lit Curacao bvj rhi Ht\»t rtad Joseph Coixos; r«^coros of Wcckr- 
Und^h.iortuQec5cK-3srotUif6cht. (z^meenrk^ a\iKvc JsrutI tn 




CCle Have been. Li.ruitle positive Ly to ±race 
the orlgla of thel^i^ia fctTixlU/. OQhlle the name 
sugcjesbs tke TtcLllan city oFrtsa^ the famlLvf tra- 
dltloa ts tho-t tkey come from Spain orT\>rtugat. 
Our theory is that on the c^cpiA^ion. of tke Jews 
from. Spain, in. H^2.^ ^^ TnlgrcitecL to rortuq^aL;. 
where the refugees were tolerated, for afew^cars 
Longei\ flQarry of the persecuted went to ^toLy. QJe 
surmise our mmlLy settled vtl^&cl untiL they moved 
oatonolland. It was there that them's* in th.e nanre. 
of the Italian- city beoxinea *z — for we observe 
tkiB sabstitutloa m theXititch spelling of the 
name^oze^. Qle locate Joshua*Piza' 5 great- grand- 
father, KainaPt^a^ in ^ms-terdxun at the end of the 
Seventeenth. Centiir_y; but unltl Kls tinxe, our eu- 
dcELvor to place the family is guesswork. Rere 
we Nvdl menttoa dironologicatU^ all wecan find, in con- 
ncction. with the nam.e of ^tzct. 

In I16j; there resided In the city of Ptsa twenty 
Jewish farnilies. 

In 1400, OeKlel daf\sa, son of XRattltfiiah da^Ptsa, 
rounded a loan bonk irtflsa, be was the representative 
sent by his couare^ation to the Congress of JBologna 
*ui t4K and to Torll la 141S. 

»>shtel^KLS grandson^ VVos a friend of Don Isaac 
/Iborvanelcf Spain, who. In 145"0. asked his help for 
his oppressed hrelhrcn . But Oekiei, hirnself In danger 


from tfie Pommlcans, wVio la H7I made, an assault on 
his Kouse, woB uaoble to out. 

Isaac da'ftsa., son of JcktcL^ ta?k care oF fugitives 
from Spaia and "Portugal^ and assisted thcmtofuid 
Taeans of support. 

JcKul nxdS*LrrL,Tiephuew of JchlcL and sou of Sojtv 
dal^a^ia 1523 sKcLtei^JDavldl^eubcni. 

TlWoKom. bealsoac doPusa^ famous ToWudtst^ 
son. of Isaac DeaJcKlei^trt \5S^ resided Irt'BoLoqn.a, aad 
died diei-e.Rc n^os consulted as on. ouihoi'lty on relig^ 
loiLS cjuestions . He- expressed the wlsK tKat tkeie myKi 
be someoae appointed as supreme outKorltA^ to enii 
DtcKeririg on religious motlers. 

la Giglaad we find that CfiarlesIE granted a com- 
mission to Tlbraham. Israel daTl'sa (also spelled dc 
Tiio, and sometimes described merely ostJIbrahaniJfmeC) 
I (xxvd to JlbraKana Coken to discover oonid work a gold 
mine la Jamaica on shares with the kiacj. Tallmg to 
Rndlt^hewas banished ttoitl 3amalca^ and was de- 
jrrlvcd of a gold chain previously given him. by the 
king, lie probably settled lnl3arbados , fr r la 1C61 
we find 3saac Isrod dePxso cvrud /larondcTiso witti two 
sisters ojTud two brothers described as Jew^ of that 
island. Others of similar nameappcai' inT3cu-bados 
alittle latei* : SUoxl cle1^i;ssa and ^skac Israel de 
"Possa cd StCOlchaels in168c. /lm.on.g witnesses 
to various mils taT3arbados appear Gmarai el de 
flza la 1782 and Jacob To nsecadeTiza; £maj\uel 
is described as a nrother of Sarah CQasslcx. 


Jn/lmstcTdam ta )'\z<) we firul Jcudah Viza coLlabor- 
attng with Sorrvud. COendes deSolLx ia publisKlng 
a SpanLsk work. JnYHO ke ptitUskcd tkelaws cUaUnq[ 
wttk tkeSkekltaVn. rortucjuc^e. fietrougkt out in 
1769 a'Pcntatuck edition Czrot-Kxr-Sapker >vkick 
u> well kuowa for its accuracy, fie also wrote for 
special occasions nuni.erous poems lii FicWew.TKts 
llnguUtic auikor-publisker was our JoskucTnLza s 
qjrarutfiitkci\ CCJe find fromiiie records of tke 
rortugecsck - IsraellttAcke -- Gemecnte in Jims\zrdQm 
that kc married In 1125 Xiuua^ the daugkter of Scmuel 

vVoxes rVza,tHe son of JeudaK and jLutlq In. 
f 763 marneil Sara, tke daugkter of JoscpkT^locke. 
Jn 1793 COozes compiled ct soao^-book called Sklr 

'Rcfereivcss ; 'CKc^e-'wish-€.ncycLop<?dux; Fu.bUxat'toas of tKe^Jcvvi^h Fits- 
tortCQ-l Socleby^ re-cords of tKcTorb^gecsc-b- Israel Acsche Qemeeute -be 

I^obbl Samuel Cokea dcTtzcL ^ ancdivc of Lisbon 
taihe Seventeentk Ceniui^y, Is mentioned LyG.Fl-ii'mdo 
OS one of tke most profound Tolmudtsts of Kis oige. 

Xusltano dc SonuLeLPtza. was tke outkor of a. 
btbltcal comnvent In Flcbrevv publlsked In Venice 



The name of SoskuaPiias qrandmorfier 
was £iina AKubi . tJUe have iiot beexLable to ftmt 
arecord dp arui rijotable'AlxiLbL',' but ui th£ iewisK 
CiKijclppedia liiere is aneatry about oneBea 
j%ir mob^or jbn (%hajar^AKab) wlio Uued in 
tKe Xll Ceatury . t)e was a Spanish.- Arabiaa poet. 
3a some early sotLixies he ts spokeaof as dXieb- 
Zhis aame was a very fenvdtaroae la tfieflUest 


3oskud piia's molWr voai Sara, tKe daugk 
ter of 3osep(v palacfve . 3t ts possible that this 
feimlywasdtsceTidert^VDm ^amuellpalacKe, 
wWo w)as the Moroccan eavoy 5eui by ttie Kin^' 
of Morocco to the KetKerlands abouti5^i. Kesiib- 
sequ£atL\j acted as consul ttiere, aiul died at 
CKe l^aqae ,lbl6. \) e pro posed to tt le maqlstrab^s 
di ^idakWrq in Zeelaud to make that tovua 
an asylum ^rihe ^aranos. who vooald raise It 
to a considerable seaport; but thedengu of the 
tSwn were opposed to the plan, and so it \udsiut 
patutto e%t. :$i>alachedid much tbr the settle- 
ment of thefTaranos in Amsterdc^raui 1396, and 
gained ^veat favor WiththeStadKolder Priace C]aurice 
oJOran^e attended Kistuneral 3twVshent4cio|«d:^ 


Tfie SLtrTvajTve of tKe tvvo sisters that Josktux 
IKzcL marriecl corwccuttvcly m 1^10 and Caboui) 1^15" 
wcLsScLCtito. ICIe ftrtd various speUirLgs of tke 
ncoTve: Socuto^ Sacutlo andZacuto. Jatkc records 
cf the congregcLtloa in /Imatcrdora^ tke ncLme of 
tke first wire Is oflven. as 33eavenldcL Sacvuto^ daugK- 
terof .Isaoc^acixto ond^Jtulltk (VendesCKumoceiro. 

Ja Jewlsk KUtory^ and In one. Instance^ Irt univer- 
sal Klstory, we find tKls name famous : 

Jn SaLarrumca.ySpaln^ befcre the days of the 
DnauisitloTL, JlbrakaTi\ benSamuel Zocuto was bora 
In \^50. lie was at different "times professor of astron- 
omy atSarajgosso^ Salamanca and Cartagena * 
J\ftcr tKe exile of all Jews from opaln ux 1^9^^ ke 
wenl toT^rtugal wkere Vie was appointed Cottrt 
/Jstronomer and TiUtorLogropker vtnder JohnH and 
afterwards, under 3)om (Ooaoet . Re was consulted, 
by OWoeL OS to the practLcabtlltN^ of Vosco daCqiamas 
voyage^ wkldv ke approved. 33aGamas . ships were 
-fttbed wlik Zocuto's newly perfected astrolabe^ tke 
ftrst to be mxide of Iron Vnsteacl of wood . 3n spite 
of kis ImportoTLce^ 2aeu±o wko was clUo knovvix 
osDlogo^Rodrlgucx^ clicL not escape tke fate of 
kis persecuted Dretkrert: ke and kls ^on Samuel 
were forced to flee. Re, vvdk Jsaac ben JosepkCoro, 
arc TuentLonied as being among seven, or etgkt heroic 


chaivtcrs wko strenuoiusLy opposed compuLsory corv 
versLoam*Portuqal whjCTi-20,000 became, (at Least 
outwcudly) CKrLsttans. /Hter twice being token, 
prisoner, Kc flnalbf curlvecL at TuaU . There he ani. 
Cqx;o remouiecl until Tunis was invaded by Spalrt y 
wkeri they escaped to Turkey, ^braham Zacitto 
dledihere about IjlO. flmong hi^ writings were; 
H73. Bl'urLukot, a perpetual calender, pubLtshed In. 

Salamanca that was tronslated'tato Spctnish^ Laiia. 
IjOj-. In. TuTLts . S efe* ha^uhoslri , a chronolocf teal 5tiutf 

of the Jew from creation- to 1^0 . 

Various o^b-ononucoi and astrological work5. 

/IbrohairtZacvitOyborixla IJJ*^ was the greot^nirib- 
son. of /fbraham hen Samuel 2acu±o, just described . f\ 
(OoraTLO , he was known as JjusltaTLO 2 ocuto . Re studied 
potlosophy ondmcdLCtne ottke universities of Sala- 
TTvanca, Spain. ^ arbd G)unbrarR?rtugai and was 
gracUtaied a doctor of m^tanjc before he was nine- 
teea, Flc lived and pnictLoed me^dicinc in Lisbon for 
thirty ^eors. Then, rear tn^ the spreadirtg menace of 
the Jnc|u,tsltion,he tODk refuse In 73m sterdom. There 
Ke kad himself circumcised, and ai lost lived opcnh^ 
as a Jew. Re died on January i^ 1 6i2. Fils ability in the 
practice of medicuiiz:, sa;ys racjuot , diet htm no less honor 
in RoUand thcui_u-L 1*?)rtuc[al. F5e corresponded withL 
V0Lrtou6 tnedicaL Quthovtties u7T5>rtu<gaL, Spain., Ger- 


maivy aiid flolland. Fits book were "1>c r?edtcor uJTiT?*Lacip- 
tamHt5torLa) S)e Vra;Kt ^fkdxccL. and oih^ve, 

V)ozcs benCOordecolZocuto, bora 1623; p-obabb/ in/fm- 
sttrdom , Was a -frllovv- student of ^ar acK Sptnoza. He vvos 
arrufsttc and greatly tiiteTested uiGibaLa. /It one tunc 
he "lasted -for -forty dm/5, fiopt-ac^ tKot as a result he raigKt 
foi-get ttie liotLn- hz \iad Vcarnesi^ vvktck nc d\A not feet 
coald t>e reconciled to dbolistic truths- Trom ^Tasterdam 
kc went to filand. lie was on kis woo/ toT^ilesiiac^ vvhjtn ; 
poflstfiflf through. V^ice^ he was pcrSLUided- to remain 
there osfiabbt.Reltvcdtnl^Ldua IMj-lbjS. Ja ;675, )xe 
went to (Oantua at a salary of ^oo ducats, and remcdxieb 
thereuntil his death in 16^1. But he hod cstahUshecL a. 
seminary for the study of CohalcL in WantucL* corrLptled 
^] GiboU^ tic liturgical poems; a Shudda dePca/j/aTiL (^a. 
guide for declsuDns oa comTajtrcoaL law); HoLfia fie- ^yjcT^, 
published posthuni ously vvas his commentary oa tKe 
flishncL , whtch oe knew oy rzcart . jewisk enc^cLopeciuc- 

€lic2erde^braham.SQCuto tii \yD'[, published Sermao 
no7\dSobr^cuiur7ii/ikade/ia,/t/f ^0/110:1 fi >vae> taoU 

probabiltt^ a brother of JsaacSacuto who -fathered Jos kua 
l^lzaJs two wives . The raen were coateraporaries^ aad 
botk are recorded as sons of y^brahara. 


^^ndes CiuxTTvacelro. 

JosKuaPizas first wife H^nvcnukL Socuito 
(spelled, as above in ilxe Dutck records} and. her sister 
CstKer his secoTLcL wVfe^ were the doughiers of Jshojc 
Soculto and JudilK Wendcs Churriaceiro, whose 
TTLarrioge tookplixce lix Jlmstei-daralrL 1774 

Before tkat^ear^ the records show an^rohaiTL 
(Ocndizs Uxuraacelro who published his serm.on9 in. 
17^5 and 1740. f?e rrKuj have been. t\ie ^andfother 
cf the suststrs S acutto . 

Since the time of tKesc sisters there hove 
been at least two Q^endes Chtimaceiros of some 

Jlaron 0\ndeji Churnacciro who was Kaham. 
tnj^sterdam and later Rafter 1^60 ) ui Curacao. 

riacob (Derides Chumaceiro, a son oF tKts 
^Lxron^ who became Rahom la^rnsterdani vn 1866. 

/inother sorL,Raim, was HazarL t a Curasao anb 
flobbt ui the CTaitecL States. 

'ReferertCG-s: Records of nTTvsicrcLccm o-tvcL Cu.TC>.cao Coric^"«'egati.on.s; 
CorrecttorvS -Fro^r. 3,i, (T'acivtro . 



Clle cori RruiTLO rccorcL of ojry Sosso laSpaiusk 
orVotbxQXxcsc- aanaU ; htxt wc do come across tke 
name Saasso^ wkich occurs repeatedLy. Ctle believe 
the spelling Wame cKaagexi m lire iVew dor LA., 
so we quote wWt we ftad relatlnjg to the famiLxj 

/Intonlo (^Jsaac^ Xiopez Suasso was o-resixleni 
of the Rogue in 16^6. Tor services King CKarlesHof 
Spain, he was created, ct baron. J\n ardent sup- 
porter of CQilUaiTL of Orange, he advanced Vim. 
2,000000 Gulden when he undertok his e>cpedttLon 
toCnofland in 1688. Re asked for rio receipt, sau ing; 

Jf^oaare &ucccs$"ft4,L,you may repay vruay t-f 
yotv are not successful^ J wtlL be a Loser too! 

T^broham Lopez Suasso^ his son,marrlecL a 
doLtgKta* of OanueL de Tenet era., charge d'ctffalres 
otRamburg 0^32- IbM) for Quee Christina, of 

^ntoaio (jsaac ; Suasso^ son. or the above, mox- 
rted ct daughter c/i Woses (Oendes daG)sta^ governor 
of thc^cmK of Grigland. 

^Ivaro Lopez Sosso, resuleat or London, was 
oxvL of the Nvealthlest men of his time . Jn If 2jr he was 
a -mcmter of the board of directors c^ the Spanish, 
arid 'Portuguese comtnuntty In London. Seven 
years latea", he received pcrrrtisslorL^roTn the£ngLlsh 


goverT\mci\t to scrul settlers to the coLony \rL 
Qeorcfia. fiekxraself raigratcd. tKere va 1J53, 

/IrLtoTvtoIiopezSuasso, greoligrancLsoii oftiie 
tanoii^was bovam^mstei'danri Vix 1/^6, cxrtd cLuexrL 
la COcjckLla. he cussunxed kls mother s name, 
IXas deToaseccL otlcI veiiottncecl JucUilsm. 



/it tKctinie tiiat3osKviaPtzxL brought hU family 
to St TKomas m lh^ carLy £Lgffi±een ^ twerttteis, ifte^ 
tsLauicL was aDorvLshi po^sesaloa ,btd: tkeliitLe t^Le 
wdk Lts woTidcrfixLlxmd -Locked, korbor oixcL Its 
^troieglc posttton kacl passed tkroucjh- maiiLy Kan^ 
since CoLuTLbu.^ dis-covered. Li: . 

TlxeX)u±ck cx)LorLtzccL It In. 16j"7 and. i± rcmcan- 
ed. theirs fer tenyectrs wken. d: fell to the Gnglt^K, 
who retatried d for onLy fouvr \fears . T7keix tix I67I, 
thjtDaixusk CGcst JridtOL Gimpariy tock Lt over and, 
kept d urdlL I685, ^Hen it became tke property of the 
Brandeixbuj;^ G)mpany, inatnlA/^Xiutch- ux ownersktp, 
Duruijg tKc wars of the GtgktecrLtk Czntvirxf ^ ;5t. 
xhornos was a Free Tort ctnd very Importard to com- 
merce. JvL 1jj4 tke Kuig ofl^nmcLrk -took d, axudi it 
rlotirUked. Once more lkeJ3ritisk. captured i± 
in 1801, btd kekt d only a skort vvkile. Rowever 
from HOj to ]i)S ttxe^ were agaia in possession, and 
xX^ karbors were crowded witkBritisk ^kips 
ctvvoxtuxg convoy. Tken tKe Danes ajgain came 
ux andStTkomos remained tkeu-s until 1917 
wken tke CTnited States purchased it for IWen- 
ty-five CDillion Dollars. 

/Irler tke sacUuog of -St Gustatius byT^odnjcy in. 
I7SI, tkc Jew^ froTTL^nxxtwmxhy island arrived id SlTfiom 
a&.Tkey wereker nr&t Jewts ?^HLer& andbv l79Jth,ey 


Ka-destablUKecLcLfloLLrij5klng cx:)iTimuTiity and began 
keeping tkeir rcxords ui an orderly nyxrirKr —Vivst 
hirth:]jcfb- Hrst btiriol: f 798. 3y 1800, tkey KacL 
coTif^iLcted. their fu'st synngogue.aRd nafn^3 like 
Sas3o,"Roblc^,X)elvallc,r9oron andTulanc|ae: appair 
m4iearcktve5. OtWrJevvs joined the qroLLp froin 
difFcrtnt paits of Ginnpc , aicItLdtt ir\ Trance. 

Tkie first temple WQS but four jeai's old wben it was 
dcsb oycd by fire b^tt tke e^acrcd ToraJi5 were savedand 
ore e>tilL'a5ed today. /I secoad synagogue , bvuLi in 1806 
wa? scson deemed, tco fimalL , and in i»>) alkird, dz- 
siqncd by arcki4:ects brouc^htrfrom Trance wa.s erected 
tn Peo cla^^ic style cund is in use today. 

Un 185-oy Kirig CKisticLTiVIII 5cxTictio ned a code of laws 
for governLngtbc CO f^5ati on., vvkicK between 1 l85o and 18^0 
reacfied its peak. TKere were over aibout^and Jews on 
art i.«klarui \vKo?e "total popuLattan was only slightly 
above two thousand . Sat after tKat,tKeu' trade beqan. 
to slacken Tfieiavcntton of iKe telegraph, and other 
Wi detrtmcntal cf fectv? on 5t Thomas, and many mem - 
bera departed . Gimille kscarro, the artist, left fori us an- 
ce^troLI'rance; some wen-t to other WestlridLan Ulonds , 
Pavid Iievi went early toT lortda, where fie was labe.r €!ecte6 
to theUS denote. ^udohTBcnjanua.aUo settled u? the 
South where, diirinqiheCivii VVar he was \ino\vD as "the 
brains of the G^rrfeJeracyr 

Dow there arc not 'rnan^^ )e\vs left on the is land - only 
f S or 20 -fiaTTulies The present Qovcrnor093'') is oae of 
'them ,v/orrt3 de Castro, i^efs; €ncMciopeaui_&rUHxn,ica-; >wishGAoi.; h^- 


JLiopez cLcLTonseccL. 

SiTixetKey are not forebears of Jo5kLicL'Pi^xa or 
of kts wives, vvc have rcall\[ tlo reason. for including 
notes about f he Lopez da'fori.seca faxraly In. tkts 
work. But we have 50 often encountered references 
to this oldTortviquese name, varloasly known as 
Xopez daTvnseca^ Lopez de Jv/ueca^XopezJ^nseca and 
frequently just Xopez y ihat wc Imajgtne it will be o- 
mailer of famxLy interest. There ts a tradition that 
olL-tKe CLiastJS and GstAer^ >vere to coll themselves 
simply Xopez after adisfitigLLishied patr of (mater- 
nal i'J^ ancestors of that name, f^ airy ra±e^ we 
know iKot thei-e was cxn CiixiuXopez vvho after bang 
haham ot^m^terdaTn, went 11x1675 to3ajbado5 to 
lead ific Jewish community there ; and latei; In I69O 
served ur Cura90a . There are also Tvnsecas cjalone:^ 
but we do not know that we Kave any clatm f them * 
one of the vei^ first names found ui the annaU of 
thendfierlands West Jndles ts that c^jbcohAanes ch. 
%pn3eccL, also known as DayLCiAassL, a merchant of 
Curac;ao, who oblcitned a grant of land In 16J-2 from 
tKe X)utch West JndlaCompamf to found a Jewish, 
colonA^ on the Island. 

Ut\ LunoL,J-^ru, in 163p, there lived a wealth.\;^ 
(Oarano vrL<Lrc)rLcord^^7)Le^o Xopez claTv/iseca. . Jt was 
scitd that kc sold goods at half price: to anyone who, 
on ^rdoirifig hts ^hop, trod on. a ceitaln stone of the: 


tkresKoLd of vvh-tch- he kod hurizd a crticifyC . fit was 
burned to death for juclaLg'tog. 

3n 1690^ fiazanJ)cLyijd Vaphaet Jjopez eta T^/ifeca-iatd. 
the cornevstoae of the COLkve Jsrael corigregatiOTi ui 
Cara9ao. Rk woe thctr fir^t minister and dtedin l70r. 

5?ke death of hl^ hro'^^rJteperend^iraAxuvkaLm- 
lopez da-Tpnjeca isrirrrdcd oaatorDb5it)ne cjf 1/23. 

DnBcyonne ^Trance l/shac ^isAtahv Xopez de^nseca 
IS mcnlionedas afr tenet of I^avid COeldola. Weldola 
\xvz.& 168j^~ I74&. 

TVom ]]G5-]ili^j2coi Zopez daTvnseca, who studied^ 
in Amsterdam, officiated asHobbv to ihe Wtkve ^fsraelcon- 
cfTcaatvon-.T'hc day after his Golden Jubilee Kefell til, and 
he died tvvo years later. 

J^lo^esXopez da/^/ueca^fromCwracao, vva5 one of the 
early l^atbts of the Shearith Jsrael congiecration. in Qew 
^oyU.Hl e^crved there -from ]j2S to l736.Tiu> ann.tLaL ^alar^ 
wos^Xjo, wood aTid matzoth-s." 

GstherJ^opez^ the stster of T^ebccca and Xeok, the two 
iiopczFonsecas who married the l)rDthei"5 COo^es and 
Oudnh Ttxa, wa3 known taStTliotn as as ^shee oji-d was 
a notably ptoas woman. So holy wa.5 sbe considered y 
that during a season of terrify tnqf eartfLqiiakcs, Wr 
nogbons -for three weeks Kept her prayiogr for safety, with- 
out surcsase. On. the occa3ion. Tiabbt Chumoe^ro wix>te 
outfcr her a cabalistic talisman, still la the famit^. 



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